ScotTidbits # 1:
        Scot Soldier/Prisoners on ship John and Sara.

The ship “John and Sara” that brought Scots banished to the American
colonies in 1652, much like the Godspeed, reconstructed and shown in
the image to the left, and one of the 3 ships that carried 1606 English
settlers to Jamestown Virginia.  The John and Sara transported these 272
Scottish prisoners of the English Civil War primarily to Boston, but some
also to Virginia.  After their indentured period of servitude for passage,
albeit it forced, many of these migrated south to Virginia, North Carolina,
and South Carolina.  To provide some focus to our “Scottish Tidbits of
History”, we will focus on two of those passengers on the John and Sara,
John Carmichael and William Carmichael:

Carmichael, John, a soldier captured at Worchester, transferred from
Gravesend aboard the John and Sarah for Boston in December 1651,
landed there in February 1652.

Carmichael, William, a Royalist soldier captured at Worchester,
transferred from Gravesend abroad the John and Sarah bound for Boston
in December 1651, landed there in February 1652.

This William and John, or John and William are chosen for tidbits from the list
of 5 Carmichaels from David Dobson’s DIRECTORY OF SCOTS Banished to
the American Plantations 1650-1775, because this affords the most probable
connection between Scotland and the John McMickle of Mecklenburg NC--a
planter, plantation owner with up to 33 black slaves, distiller, Revolutionary War
soldier along with his son William; and an IN STONE first landmark in America
of my personal McMichael lineage through this great-grandfather 5 generations
removed, from his son William McMichael of SC then GA, to his son John
Madison McMichael acknowledged court house contractor of Butts County
Georgia, to his son Griffin C McMichael, born in Jackson of Butts county and
who with two brothers, James Madison McMichael and Eli McMichael wagon
trained the family to 1850 Cass County Texas, and then to my great
grandfather, John Bruce McMichael who fought in the Civil War and became a
POW at Arkansas Pass Arkansas.  
Wow, that is a lot of McMichaels and a lot of American history for titbits; and
right now I would like to expressed gratitude for all these forefathers in the
faith, Presbyterians and Covenanters in Scotland, then Presbyterians in SC
and NC and VA, then Baptists in Georgia {one has to admire the family of
John Madison McMichael, converted to Christian and Baptist at a revival
meeting in Jackson, one of whom, William, was a Baptist minister and mason
during a long life in Buttes county; also to great-great grandfather Judge and
farmer Griffin C McMichael of Cass County, to his son and my great-
grandfather John Bruce McMichael surviving pneumonia after imprisonment
and still living to 1804.  I must also show some respect for my grandfather,
Thomas Bruce McMichael, who like his forefather John Madison rebuilt a court
house, this one in 1934 in Cass County; and finally my father, Thomas
Madison McMichael, a pioneer of a different sort, starting out from Cass
County with only a sixth grade education and then during the depression, and
immediately after the death of his father, pioneered his way up through the
ranks as first truck driver for East Texas Motor Freight, to mechanic and
terminal manager and safety manager in petro-chemical transportation, and
finally with York Transport Corporation as Vice President and ICC
Practitioner.  {He and my Cass County Vaughan and Dooley Mother in their
spare time raised 4 children, me as the oldest.}
Is ”Scottish” in the title, SCOTTISH TIDBITS OF HISTORY, a noun or an
adjective--the dictionary allows for either spelled the same; and appropriately
right here at the beginning of scottish titbits of real clan history from Scotland
to colonial America, sometimes by way of the Ulster Scots of Ireland, either
the illustrious history they were dragged through or their own unique reactions
to their historical environments made them both a noun and an adjective.  Even
as historical realities and relatives are often stranger than fiction, there are few
groups of people on the earth apart from the Israelis as illustrious in the history
of humanity on this earth than the Scottish Highlanders and their kin that came
to colonial America, whether voluntarily with a promise of land or involuntarily
as in the case of Presbyterian rebels banished to America between 1650 and
1775.  The Tidbits of Scot history, in America and before that in Scotland and
Ireland will cycle back and forth between a general history on Scots as they
pioneered to settle the frontiers of the United States, and more particularly on
the MacGillemichaels, MacMichaels in Appin and the Isle of Islay of Argyle and
Carmichaels in Galloway.
Even as today some contemporary scots will tell you that now Carmichael is
more politically correct than McMichael or MacMichael, so the early
Carmichaels of Galloway were noted for calling themselves MacMichaels, like
the famous Black James MacMichael of Galloway--a Presbyterian covenanter
in “The Men of the Moss-Hags”, or like those Carmichaels of the Stewart of
Appin clan, 6 of which were killed and 2 wounded in the battle of Culloden in
Why chose from the Scots John and William Carmichael, say over Duncan
McMichael of Islay and Roger McMichael from Dairy Galloway, transferred
forcible to Jamaica a little later in 1685, prisoners of another war with the
British in Scotland as at least Duncan was a soldier in Argyles scottish
Highland army?  The answer in a moment, first look at the only two listed
McMichaels, under that name per se and without any switching or fakery or
misspelling from the Gaelic {like the only McMichaels listed in the two phone
books of Ireland as I called her from Dublin told me, when I asked “why
McMichael instead of MacMichael, the unhesitating reply was “to fake out the

McMichael, Duncan, from Islay, a soldier in Argyll’s Rebellion, transferred
from Leith to Jamaica, August 1685.


McMichael, Roger, from Dairy Galloway, a Covenanter, transferred from
Leith to Jamaica, August 1685.

NOTE several historical facts about these McMichaels and Carmichaels
sold to America as indentured servants:  (1) these 2 listed Scots named
McMichaels were sent to Jamaica, not Boston or Virginia or even Ports in
SC and NC, however, it is a well documented fact with many side trail
tidbits that these Scots after servitude on the plantations of the Islands,
earned passage to colonial america and acquired their own plantations in
PA, VA, SC, and NC; (2) Roger McMichael of Dairly Galloway has the
home of Galloway in common with the MacGillimichaels of Galloway like
Long Rifle James McMichael of Galloway, no doubt two or a large group
or clan seph that found it convenient at their time, war, and place to
chose McMichael over Carmichael in the anglicization of their
MacGillimichael original and old, about the 12th century, Scottish name to
either MacMichael or Carmichael; (3) the isle of Islay, a known home of
distillers and McMichaels, is across Port Appin to Appin and they both are
in Argyll or Argyllshire; (4) Roger McMichael, like Black and Long Rifle
James McMichael of Galloway was taken captive or killed as James was
in 1696 just for being a Presbyterian Covenanter.