The Prophet Messiah and The Holy Spirit

Many of us think it is the Christmas season when we can hear Handel’s
Messiah, and we are surprised to realize that Isaiah 53 from which Handel’
s Messiah is taken does not mention the Lord Jesus Christ by the name
Isaiah 53 is “He” over and over again, and it refers back to 52:13 where
Jesus is “My Servant”, or God in His Word identifies Him as His Very
Special Servant.  Many writers like to refer to the Suffering Servant in
summarizing Bible passages like Isaiah 52 and 53, as well as others, and
some commentators like to call the book of Isaiah the book of the
Suffering Servant.
It is “He”, “He” and “He” in Isaiah 53, with the introduction to the
story of the Lord Jesus Christ in Isaiah 52 as “My Servant”:
“He is despised and rejected of men, a Man of sorrow and acquainted
with grief...”  (Isaiah 53:3a)
”He has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows”  (Isa 53:4)
“He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our
iniquities...”  (53:5a
“He was oppressed and He was afflicted, and yet He opened not His
mouth’; He was led as a lamb to the slaughter...” (53:7a)
And so on and on through Isaiah 53 and Handel’s Messiah, the name is
not Messiah for Jesus but “He”, “He”, and “He”.  From God’s perspective
one might call Jesus the great He of all time, and from the perspective of
those of us who have received salvation through His atonement for sins
mentioned in Isaiah 53, and quoted in the New Testament in Matthew 8:
17, Luke 22:37 {quoted by Jesus Himself from the Old Testament}, and
other places in the NT.  Count them in Isaiah chapter 53, there are
numerous HEs and HIMs and HIS’s in Isaiah 53, in fact at least 47 times
in that single great chapter of Handel’s Messiah.

2-1:  And yet how do we automatically know as we hear Handel’s
Messiah from Isaiah 53 or we read Isaiah 53 that this (1) He, Him, and
His; and this (2) My Servant, the supreme Servant of God is the
Messiah and beyond that consistent with this chapter/message “The
Prophet Messiah”?

The obvious answer is that Handel told us Isaiah 53 is about the Messiah,
and every time a Christian group sings Handel’s Messiah they are saying,
whether they know it or not, that Isaiah 53 is about the Messiah.  Yet we
have more evidence than that!
1.  Jesus and the Apostles quoted Isaiah 53 to help us recognize,
acknowledge, and worship this He, the Servant of Isaiah 53 as the
Prophet Messiah.
2.  In a moment, as a text of the chapter, we will look in detail at John 7:37-
44, which brings together a discussion of the people who heard Jesus
speak about the Holy Spirit as a “river of living water”; and because of
their knowledge and training in the OT, debated whether He was “the
Christ” or “the Prophet”.
3.  With any experience at all with the Bible, we know that the prime subject
of the Bible is the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, whether we chose to
consider either the OT or the NT.

2-2:  The TEXT for the Prophet Messiah, John 7:37-44.  {Please recall
and don’t forget that Messiah and Christ are the same Person,
Messiah is Hebrew and Christ is the Greek.}

1.  Part 1 of the Text, the sign of the receiving of the Holy Spirit with faith
is a flow of living waters out of the heart, not unknown words and
languages out of the mouth.

“On the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out,
saying, ‘If any one thirsts, let him come to Me and drink.  He who
believes in Me, as the Scripture has said
{and we will want to look
that OT Scripture up}
, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.  
{Note that it is living water not volumes of unknown tongue words,
and out of the heart rather than out of a running mouth that seeks self-
satisfaction and self-glorification.}
 But this He spoke {the Apostle
John explains}
concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him
would receive
{not also as many false rumors are afloat, that John
says the Holy Spirit is receive with original believing}
; for the Holy
Spirit was not yet given
{the Spirit could hardly be receiving until the
first day of Pentecost after the Ascension, when the Spirit came in
great power and glory, to take the place and do the work of Jesus on
, because Jesus was not yet glorified {Jesus had not

2.  Part 2 of the Text, Introduction to the Prophet Messiah.

{The NKJV appropriately labels the paragraph as “Who is He? as the
people around Jesus--primarily the religious leaders--discussed
where Jesus was the Christ, the Messiah, or the Prophet like Moses.}
                                     “The Prophet”
“Therefore many from the crowd when they heard this saying, said,
                                “The Christ {Messiah}”
“Others said, ‘THIS IS THE CHRIST”  but others said, ‘Will the Christ
come out of Galilee?’
{The crowd did not then recognize that Jesus
as born in Bethlehem, the city of David, knowing only that He was
raised in Nazareth of Galilee}

3.  Part 3 of the Text, The OT Scriptures from Micah 5:2 with Matthew 2:6
and John 7:37.

“’Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the seed of
David and from the town of Bethlehem, where David was?’  So there
was a division among the people because of Him
{there that great
Him of Isaiah 53 is again.}

4.  Part 4 of the Text, Inevitable Jesus divides the world, what some say
and think about Him and what others think, say, and believe!

“So there was a division among the people because of Him.  Now
some of them wanted to take Him
{because of His teaching to quench
thirst and for rivers of living water from the Spirit}
, but no one laid
hands on Him.”

2-3: This message/chapter, special for the Christmas 2013 season, is
not only an exegesis of the TEXT, but also in the Bible study series
through the whole Bible from Genesis to Malachi, and under the title
Prophet Messiah, looking at quotes and references in the NT from the
OT that tell the complete story of the Lord Jesus Christ.

NOTE:  While we might wonder why it is not NAMES of Jesus instead
of NAME of Jesus in verses like Acts 4:11,12 {from the Apostle
Peter}, where the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, “the stone”, is
the only way of salvation; and like Philippians 2:9 {from the Apostle
Paul}, where God has given Christ Jesus a name above every name;
but we comprehend that it is the Person, the Son of God and the
Saviour, that is more important than any one name chosen by God in
the revelations of the Bible.
1.  Acts 4:11,12.
2.  Philippians 2:9.

“Let this mind be in you {the division begins} which was also in
Christ Jesus
{if more minds were on the Lord Jesus Christ, and His
examples, one who never in His life spoke in an unknown tongue,
there would be also more flowing rivers of living water and less
mouthings of self-satisfaction and self-glorification with unknown
, who, being in the form of God {what other form could the
only begotten Son of God, born of a virgin, be in?}
, did not consider it
robbery to be equal with God
{start right here with appreciation for
the names and Person of Christ, that He was and still is “equal with
, made Himself of no reputation {as you consider the sufferings
and sorrows of Jesus of Isaiah 53, then the realities on the cross for
the sins of the world, remember that Jesus chose to be crucified and
to make Himself of no reputation for a temporal amount of time, say
approximately 30-33 years}
, taking the form of a bondservant {there is
that word again “Servant”, “My Servant” of Isaiah 52 and 53}
, and
coming in the likeness of men
{just for the Son of Man and Son of
God to temporarily give up His complete likeness to God in favor of
the likeness of men was a gigantic step down for the eternal Logos
that was the mediating Cause in Creation}
.  And being found in
appearance as a man, He
{that great He again of Isaiah 53) humbled
himself and became obedient to the point of death
{again the
Suffering Servant and the Saviour of Redemption, atonement,
reconciliation, and all the other words of the blood and the cross}
even the death of the cross.
Therefore God has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which
is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should
bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and that every tongue
{with a preference for known specific tongues} should confess that
JESUS CHRIST IS LORD, to the glory of God the Father.”

NOTE:  And while you are at it, do not neglect God the Father, the
same God Who highly exalted Jesus, and that gave Him a name
above all names, at which heaven and earth should bow; and your
Christology is lacking if it is not “to the glory of God the Father.”

2-4:  What better way to end this second Bible session on the Prophet
Messiah than with part of a sermon from the Apostle Peter as
recorded in Acts, Acts 4:11,12.  The Apostle Peter was striving in that
address to the Sanhedrin, the religious and religiously ruling body of
the Jews at the time of Christ, what he was teaching and had done in
the “name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth”.

1.  Historical background for Peter’s Address to the Sanhedrin.
(a).  Jesus promised power to the Apostles in order that they might GO
and WITNESS, out in the city of Jerusalem {and what better place than
around the public places of the temple}, out to all of Judea and Samaria
(Acts 1:8), and power to go and witness out to the ends of the earth.
(b) There is a distinct difference between the power of the Holy Spirit
“came upon them” in the Promise of Jesus for power in Acts 1:8, and the
matter of being “filled with the Holy Spirit” (Acts 4:8) as Peter was as he
had to witness about Jesus to such a educated, authoritative, and ruling
Jewish body as the Sanhedrin.
(c) “Filled with the Spirit” is not mentioned very often in the Bible, but one
other was during Peter’s sermon on the day of Pentecost--

“Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus
{THAT NAME AGAIN} for the remission of sins; and you shall
receive the gift of the Holy Spirit, for the promise is to you and your
children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will
call.”  (Acts 2:29-30)

(d)  There is a filled with the Spirit Paul mentions in Ephesians 5:18-20,
which has nothing to do with speaking in languages or unknown tongues;
but rather with--

“...speaking to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs,
singing and making melody in your hearts to the Lord, giving thanks
always for all things to God the Father in the name
of the Lord Jesus Christ.”  (Ephesians 5:19,20)

2.  The priests, captain of the temple, and the Sadducees {most of the
religious and political power of the Jews} laid their hands on Peter and
John, putting them into custody for the next day, Acts 4:1-4.
(a).  What was the big deal  to cause arrest?  “greatly disturbed that they
taught the people and preached in Jesus the resurrection from the dead”
(b) But the damage was already done!  “However many of those who
heard the word {from Peter and John as they spoke, no doubt in Solomon’
s Porch} believed, and the number of the men came to be about five
thousand.”  (4:4)
3.  There was the obvious need for the Power of the Holy Spirit to go and
witness. The whole gang of Jewish authority was gathered the next day
against them.  It was “their rulers, elders, and scribes, as well as Annas the
high priest.” (4:5,6)
(a)  This august body of ruling and religious Jews did ask for it, “By what
POWER or by what NAME, have you done this?” (4:7)
NOTE:  Since the man Peter healed was over 40 years old (Acts 4:22),
about the only charge this august religious body of Jews could bring
against Peter and John was the practicing without a physicians license.

“...that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified,
whom God raised from the dead, by Him this man stands before you
‘This is the stone which was rejected by your builders {the masons
missed it}, which has become the chief cornerstone.’  (Psalm 118:22)
Nor is there salvation in any other; for there is no other name under
heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”  (Acts 4:10-

NOTE:  You can download a copy of this message/chapter in PDF,
which includes the original footnotes of Adobe FrameMaker.  The
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December 2013 Newsletter