Introduction to Christ for Individuals (CFI)

 barnes and noble

The contemporary gap between Christ and church membership should be obvious to all. It hardly matters which church or denomination as you look at church members around you, and then look at the Christ of the Bible and the teachings of Christ, there is little similarity. The discouraging aspect of the gap is that it is getting larger each year. That means that it is diverging; and if it is diverging, it is conceivable that shortly the churches and Christ will be going in opposite directions. Horrible, yes; but what is the answer. What is the cure for this obvious and serious problem that has gripped the world of Christians? The answer is for church members to Learn Christ. Which Christ? The Christ from the apostles and prophets of the Bible. If one passage of the Bible were chosen as a gist or theme for this set of Bible commentaries, LEARN CHRIST FROM THE APOSTLES AND PROPHETS, it would be Ephesians 2:19-22. “Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone, in whom the whole building being fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together for a dwelling place of God in the Spirit.” (Ephesians 2:1922 NJKV) I know the classic reply for church leaders. “No human can be perfect”, and“at least they are trying.” No, that is the point: church members are not trying. They are doing what they want to do. They are not making positive efforts to be like Christ and to be like God, which is demanded in the Bible from the apostles and prophets. The description of what is presently happening to church members is like the description from the Apostle Paul in II Timothy 4:3,4: “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap
up for themselves teachers, and they will turn their ears from the truth…” (II Timothy 4:3,4 NJKV) You see it is no longer a negative thing of “we are trying…our heart is in the right place…but we just cannot reach perfection.” No, that is not it! It is a positive matter of first, a lack of tolerance for sound doctrine–church members will not listen to sound doctrine, church members will not go to hear sound doctrine, and church members will not tolerate preachers and teachers who preach sound doctrine. Church members, according to the Apostle Paul’s description, are motivated not by any effort to be like Christ and any effort at perfection, but are motivated by their own human desires; that is, “according to their own desires,” and “because they have itching ears.” In short, church members are doing what they want to do and they are believing what they want to believe. What they want to believe is things that will tickle their ears. Things that will give them pleasure like, “nobody is perfect” and “you are the people of God”, and “at least you are trying”. Maybe 20 or 30 years ago that was true; but not now. And the apex of the gap in Paul’s description is that they pile up or heap to themselves teachers. It is much like building a dirt fortress or batiment around themselves in order to protect themselves from sound doctrine. They buy books from teachers that feed their desires; they run off teachers and preachers that offend their itching ears with the truth; and they call as pastors, teachers, and administrators those “teachers” that will teach according to their own desires. The whole motivation is to turn away from the truth. Now, brother, that is a positive thing. It takes a lot of effort for so-called “Christians” to turn away from the truth of the Bible. It takes a lot of effort for church members to cease to Learn Christ; and in the place of learning Christ to learn some kind of church membership that is based on “desires” and “itching ears”. Some today, like among Presbyterians, are worried about an intolerance caused by the preaching of Christ as the only way of salvation. Brothers, you had better be concerned about the intolerance of sound doctrine that is growing. Being the third volume of the LEARN Christ commentaries, it is centered around the five books of the Apostle John with the emphasis on the book of Revelation. This approach helps to support the title theme of “Christ for Individuals”. As churches and denominations are “falling away” from God, Christ, and the Bible (not falling away from churches as church attendance may actually go up during the falling away), it is important that the few sound doctrine church members remaining of the seven Christian thousand adopt to themselves the Christ of the individual that is presented in Revelation 2-3. The approach to the eschatology of Revelation is simple. The outline is taken from the teachings of Jesus as given in Matthew 24 with the major divisions of the History of Christianity all the way to the end given by the natural divisions of“and then”: (1) Beginning of Sorrows; (2) Period of Persecution Tribulation (the tribulation of the fourth period is primarily physical tribulation and from God as the heavens and earth fall apart, the shaking of heaven and earth); (3) The Period of Offences, often the most neglected, when God’s people are offended by sound doctrine, betray and hate one another; and (4) The period of the Falling away which includes lawlessness and all the end time events. Remember, however, that whatever is in one period continues into the other periods.

In the Table of Contents of CFI, Christ for Individuals, you will notice the 3 major divisions of (1) The Book of Revelation., (2) The Gospel of John, and (3) The Three Little Epistles of John.  (Actually John’s little epistles are harmonized in part 3 to once again illustrate the harmony between John and Paul in 3 each little epistles, and to set forth both Faith Contending and the Security of the Believer.



Volume 2:   Christ for Individuals

Introduction:   Christ for Individuals pg 5

The Book of Revelation

chapter 1:   Eschatology in the book of Revelation pg 8

chapter 2:  Pride or Worship God, Revelation 1-3 pg 24

chapter 3:  Number the People of God or Worship Christ, Revelation 4-7 pg 46

chapter 4:  The Seventh Seal, The Completion of History, Revelation 8-12 pg 60

chapter 5:  War Against the Remnant, Revelation 12-20 pg 71

chapter 6:  “How Long” pg 94

chapter 7:   New Heaven and New Earth,Revelation 21,22 pg 109

chapter 8:  The Overcomers are the Seven Thousand pg 127

The Gospel of John

chapter 9:  “Come and See”, the Gospel of John pg 146

chapter 10:  Revelation, the Gospel of John, and the Epistles.

chapter 11:  Signs for Believing in Jesus pg 171

The Little Epistles of John Plus

chapter 12:   Security of the Believer pg 197

chapter 13:  Complete Outline of I John pg 214

chapter 14:  Faith and Faith Contending in the Bible pg 230

chapter 15:  Some Sounds of a Sound Faith pg 244

chapter 16:  What Do You Do? pg 282

You are welcome to receive the CFI book by free PDF download from the SunGrist website, or order it from several bookstores included the two listed below of Amazon and Barnes and Noble. 

  1.  The free download on the SunGrist website at .   You can either free download the complete volume 2 of LCC at
  2. Or free download any or all of the 3 parts of Revelation, John, and the Epistles.   (a) The book of Revelation at (b) The Gospel of John at , and (3) The Little Epistles of John and Paul at
  3. If you wish to own CFI in a paperback to increase or start your Bible book library, you can get it at a number of local bookstores including and Barnes and Noble.  (a)  On at                                 and                                                                                      (b) on Barnes and Nobel at  .

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Apostate Local Churches Whose Candles are Flickering!

Apostate Local Churches Whose Candles are Flickering!

Seducers as used in the Bible (Jude 11 and Numbers 16) are Christian leaders who strive to mislead the congregation, large and small, rebelling against God and the real God appointed leadership of God. It would also include divorced pastors and deacons who usurp authority, and deacons who call themselves a “board”, and the evil seducers who run off faithful pastors with a vote, thinking like Korah and his followers whom God destroyed that they were “holy” and right since there were many of them. Had Moses and Aaron not made intercession, God would have destroyed the whole assembly that is how right and democratic a vote is among God’s real people. And of course, now many evil seducers of unsound doctrine are leading the people astray because “they will not endure sound doctrine, heap up teachers with itching ears, and vote on what they want”.  (II Timothy 4:3,4).     
All doctrine is not positive and pleasant as Preaching the Word is to reprove, rebuke, and exhort with all long suffering and doctrine. And sometimes, even often, we must pause from writing about the “faith once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 3) to deal with the evil seducers (Jude 11), waxing worse and worse (growing) as they persistently deceive and are being deceived..

So…fasten your seat belt for this brutal but true.  Too long these local apostate churches and the leadership of larger assemblies of local churches have made judgment calls on other churches and church members:  It is time for them to walk the line, and for us to make a list of easily known apostate local churches and leaders whose candles are either flickering or have gown out, and like six out of seven of the churches of the book of Revelation that don’t even know it.

Get used to it you are going to hear more about Korah, about Numbers 16, about the book of Jude and faith contending..  Furthermore A SPADE IS GOING TO CALLED A SPADE, our Christian membership in the body of Christ and our reception of the faith once for all delivered to the saints will be the primary authority for criticisms of some Baptist and other leaders who have grown too big for their britches starting with the Pressler-Patterson Dark Ages in the SBC falsely called the conservative resurgence unless you can call the Scofield Bible of 1909 as a conservative standard.


Dictionaries – Easton’s Bible Dictionary – Korah

ice, hail.

The third son of Esau, by Aholibamah ( Genesis 36:14 ; 1 Chronicles 1:35 ).
A Levite, the son of Izhar, the brother of Amram, the father of Moses and Aaron ( Exodus 6:21 ). The institution of the Aaronic priesthood and the Levitical service at Sinai was a great religious revolution. The old priesthood of the heads of families passed away. This gave rise to murmurings and discontent, while the Israelites were encamped at Kadesh for the first time, which came to a head in a rebellion against Moses and Aaron, headed by Korah, Dathan, and Abiram. Two hundred and fifty princes, “men of renown” i.e., well-known men from among the other tribes, joined this conspiracy. The whole company demanded of Moses and Aaron that the old state of things should be restored, alleging that “they took too much upon them” ( Numbers 16:1-3 ). On the morning after the outbreak, Korah and his associates presented themselves at the door of the tabernacle, and “took every man his censer, and put fire in them, and laid incense thereon.” But immediately “fire from the Lord” burst forth and destroyed them all ( Numbers 16:35 ). Dathan and Abiram “came out and stood in the door of their tents, and their wives, and their sons, and their little children,” and it came to pass “that the ground clave asunder that was under them; and the earth opened her mouth and swallowed them up.” A plague thereafter began among the people who sympathized in the rebellion, and was only stayed by Aaron’s appearing between the living and the dead, and making “an atonement for the people” ( 16:47 ).
The descendants of the sons of Korah who did not participate in the rebellion afterwards rose to eminence in the Levitical service.


Please follow the subject of apostate churches and leaders on the Facebook Group of 

APOSTATE LOCAL CHURCHES WHOSE CANDLE IS FLICKERING, and remember there is no way for any august person or group to vote on the sound doctrine of the faith once for all delivered to the saints.  Jesus said, “Judge…judge…judge not according to the appearance but judge righteous judgment”, which bottom line means use the Bible as the standard for designated and necessary judgment.  We should take all of these evil seducers of the conservative resurgence, Scofield mites, Bible Baptist and other denominations coming into the SBC to get larger churches and salaries, that use Napoleon Hills book on getting rich as a guide for church growth, and any during the 10 year takeover plan of Stanley, Rogers, Criswell, Pressler and Patterson as an excuse to conduct warfare against other Christian brothers, detroying hundreds of career and reputations in the process, quite often base on the LIE that Scofield notes are literal Bible.  Here alone with their warfare based on the third words of rapture, dispensationalism, and millennium–WORDS NOT IN THE BIBLE THAT CAN NOT BE LITERAL, YOU CAN SEE THEM AS THE EVIL SEDUCERS LIKE KORA IN THE BIBLE.

Please join us for truth based not on the appearance of a large pulpit, president of Lifeway or DTS degree at:

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51 8 0 6 9,814
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58 7 1 6 812
59 8 1 6 11,759
60 7 1 6 2,042
61 6 0 6 1,713
62 8 1 6 1,033
63 7 0 6 9,716
64 10 0 6 940
65 8 0 6 9,537
66 7 0 6 5,957
67 7 0 6 1,499
68 6 0 5 1,387
69 7 1 5 8,361
70 6 0 5 490
71 7 0 5 508
72 7 0 5 931
73 6 0 5 336
74 7 0 5 16,882
75 7 0 5 1,322
76 7 0 5 17,664
77 7 0 5 778
78 7 1 5 6,587
79 7 0 5 17,150
80 7 0 5 18,623
81 6 0 5 86


82 7 0 5 1,310
83 6 0 5 689
84 6 0 5 24,556
85 7 1 5 654
86 6 0 5 557
87 6 1 5 630
88 6 0 5 968
89 6 0 5 1,296
90 7 0 5 16,180
91 7 0 5 819
92 6 1 5 995
93 6 0 5 1,840
94 5 0 4 168
95 5 0 4 216
96 6 0 4 704
97 6 0 4 1,070
98 6 0 4 564
99 6 0 4 19,177
100 5 1 4 548
101 5 0 4 1,039
102 6 0 4 7,175
103 5 0 4 626
104 6 0 4 436
105 5 1 4 427
106 6 1 4 2,157
107 5 0 4 3,340
108 6 0 4 13,548
109 5 0 4 1,258
110 5 1 4 317
111 6 1 4 102
112 5 0 4 457
113 6 1 4 902
114 6 0 4 3,180
115 7 0 4 18,332
116 6 0 4 6,416
117 6 1 4 705
118 6 0 4 7,047
119 5 0 4 12,543
120 4 0 4 375
121 6 0 4 4,477
122 5 0 4 15,039
123 6 0 4 13,728
124 4 0 4 367
125 5 0 4 253
126 6 0 4 8,435
127 6 0 4 19,476
128 5 1 4 885
129 5 0 4 833
130 6 0 4 681
131 5 0 4 9,348


132 f 4 0 4 657
133 6 0 4 1,330
134 6 1 4 14,815
135 5 0 4 638
136 6 1 4 202
137 5 0 4 855
138 6 0 4 15,694
139 6 0 4 6,840
140 5 0 3 230
141 5 0 3 9,600
142 4 0 3 505
143 4 0 3 759
144 3 0 3 641
145 3 0 3 6,326
146 5 1 3 733
147 5 0 3 3,591
148 5 0 3 497
149 5 0 3 497
150 3 0 3 616
151 5 0 3 2,088
152 5 0 3 922
153 4 0 3 785
154 5 0 3 105
155 5 0 3 467
156 5 0 3 1,340
157 5 0 3 4,054
158 5 0 3 7,050
159 4 0 3 446
160 4 0 3 714
161 3 0 3 433
162 5 0 3 4,876
163 5 0 3 1,319
164 4 0 3 331
165 4 0 3 690
166 5 0 3 2,676
167 5 0 3 7,269
168 4 0 3 1,149
169 3 0 3 807
170 5 0 3 2,563
171 5 0 3 836
172 4 0 3 1,965
173 5 0 3 3,943
174 4 0 3 534
175 5 0 3 5,997
176 5 0 3 228
177 5 0 3 3,912
178 2 0 2 1,022
179 2 0 2 348
180 2 0 2 86
181 2 0 2 6,908
182 2 0 2 196
183 dPrivilege.pdf 2 0 2 439
184 3 0 2 395
185 4 0 2 124


2 0 2 177
187 2 0 2 1,711
188 4 0 2 490
189 2 0 2 3,591
190 3 0 2 600
191 2 0 2 9,682
192 2 0 2 1,345
193 2 0 2 476
194 2 0 2 9,730
195 1 0 1 229
196 1 0 1 151
197 1 0 1 283
198 1 0 1 169
199 1 0 1 175
200 df 1 0 1 378
Subtotal 1,991 164 N/A 964,678
Total 2,003 164 N/A 975,972


19 Writing Prophets: Chap 1 Preface to the Writing Prophets


CHAPTER 1   Preface to The 19 Writing Prophets 

 even bester

There is no substitute for the reading of the Writing Prophets themselves even as there is no substitute for the actual reading of the NT {New Testament} and the whole Bible. Like one Bible teacher said many years ago, “Read your Bibles, they will throw a lot of light on the commentaries.” Then again with something as difficult as the Writing Prophets, especially in order to ascertain the relevance for today, some guidance is helpful based on hours with those Writing Prophets. When Philip the evangelists caught the Ethiopian reading from the queen of the Writing Prophets, Isaiah, Philip asked, “Do you understand what you are reading?” The Ethiopian replied, “How can I except some man should guide me?” Thus each reader of the Writing Prophets or of a commentary such as this on the Writing Prophets needs to have some nudge like for the Ethiopian in the direction of Christ and other things most clearly known in the NT to help with the OT {Old Testament}. Often you will find in the pages of this commentary the statement “What God considers most important in the OT in order to quote in the NT”; and that is the real “study guide”, that and the ASPI for Authorized Semi-Public Interpretation. While this is a day of “itching ears” Bible teachers with either “private” interpretations of the Bible, out of the total context of the Bible; or even more popular Bible teachers and preachers who claim for themselves extra-biblical interpretations. {You know what I mean, those who say “The Lord told me” or “God gave me a word”, as if, like Apostle Paul wrote in Corinthians, either “the Word came out of them or came to them only.”} Yet Peter wrote in II Peter 1:20, and that Word of God still stands like a prophecy against any man or woman who would claim to have a private interpretation that glories themselves and makes a profit, “no prophecy of the Scripture is of any private interpretation”. God Authorized a more public interpretation consistent with all the Apostles and Prophets; and it would be the API if it were not for the fact that academic scholarship or credentials or even popularity is not sufficient for the understanding and teaching of the Bible, hence the ASI for Authorized Semi-Public Interpretation. Perhaps the biggest mess ever made with the Bible of the OT among any society was by the religious leaders of Judaism during the life of Christ; and while we will not repeat here the labels Christ had for these scribes, Pharisees, Sadducees, and priests of His day, you will recall that they were blind, they could not understand, and they had come to substitute the teachings of men for the commandments of God. Well, that is happening again today as we see an unbelievable number of men and women who teach the Bible for profit; and we appreciate some of the extent today of the popular “heaping up of teachers with itching ears” of II Timothy 4:3,4, which matches if is not greater than the present intolerance among church members and denominations of sound doctrine.

1-1:  God’s Efforts to Collect a People for His Name.

The history of the OT, indeed of OT and NT times, is a struggle on the part of God to get a people for His name that will keep His covenants. Since like the Apostle James said at the Great Jerusalem Conference, “known unto God are all His works from the beginning”, God knew that it would be a struggle from the 80 years in the wilderness to cull a real people from Israel through the periods of judges, the united kingdom, the divided kingdoms, captivity, restoration, the time of Christ, the termination of the Jews for new people in the kingdom three and one-half years after the crucifixion, the increase in number of Gentiles as His people, all the way to the Fullness of the Gentiles with the spreading of the Gospel to every nation, and then the Falling Away of the Gentiles except for a remnant, much like what happened to two-thirds of the Jews during Daniel’s period of the probational covenant. God expected all this; no doubt, He has a certain number of people in mind for His eternal kingdom, and perhaps one reason that the Second Coming has been extended so long is because God has determined that certain number.   Even as He designated early in history and in Genesis that man would populate the whole earth, so He needs a certain number of kingdom members to repopulate the new earth. In short, all of the rebellion against God’s covenants was expected by God, planned on by God, and God knew that it would take thousands of years to repopulate His kingdom while taking only a small remnant out of each generation that claimed some association with God.

1-2:  19 Writing Prophets.

The impression that this is only the 16 Writing Prophets is somewhat of a simplification in that there is an introductory chapter on Psalms also, from the Prophet David, with a little of the Prophet Solomon from Proverbs, and even a little from the Prophet Job as dictated by the Magic Outline of the Bible under 12 topics as used in all five volumes of the LEARN CHRIST commentaries. However, we no way can such a chapter do justice to the extent of the messages in this Bible literature of Wisdom and Praise. In short, the bulk of this volume is on the 16 Writing Prophets, the 4 so called major prophets because of the size of their books–Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel, and the 12 minor prophets. Actually, to be more precise, this is on 19 Writing Prophets, the 16 major and minor with Moses, David, and Job.

1-3:  The Message of the Writing Prophets.

The message of the Writing Prophets, if we can consider that they have one most prominent and consistent message throughout all 16 books, as you will find discussed in the next chapter, goes something like this: “God’s people are not acting like God’s people; a more immediate disaster or disasters is here or on the way for punishment unless they repent as a nation, called a day of the LORD and Lord; and the ultimate and final day of the LORD and Lord is pending fulfillment with an eternal punishment for the unbelievers {this included God’s people that cultivate “an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God} and eternal reward for believers whose names are written in the book of life, the final disaster at the end of the Age after the Second Coming of Christ. Now all of this message is not in the 16 Writing Prophets per se; but the kernel is with slight explanations and further revelations to be given in the New Testament. As we study the message in these Prophets, having in this century as in the past two hundred centuries a complete Bible of 66 books, we reserve the right to use all of the Bible truth on each book.

There are two corollary messages to this “The Message” that we would seek to make clear from the writings of these 16 Prophets: (1) that God is in control of history, that God makes history on the daily and routine level as well as at the level of nations and the world, that God knows all His works of history from the beginning to the end, works on individuals and works on nations, and that God is actively and always involved in the making of history to the extent that the contemporary hurricanes, tornadoes, and earthquakes with incidents also like 911 are under His immediate control {we will need to discuss how God has much of the natural and beyond world under automatic control, but always with the option of immediate intervention which He quite often exercises}; and (2) that the 16 Writing Prophets were writing words of God, and of Scripture, quite often they simply recorded words of direct dictation from God.

LEARN CHRIST commentaries  

You are welcome at any time in this series of studies on the Writing Prophets to free download the complete book in PDF.     

Learn Christ with the 7 Volumes of the Learn Christ Commentaries!

“ But you have not so learned Christ,  if indeed you have heard Him and have been taught by Him, as the truth is in Jesus…”  (Ephesians 4:20)

If allowed for the truth to set in of Ephesians 4:20, there are at least two startling statements of the Word of God here:  (1) There is a right way and a wrong way to learn Christ, which leads the way to question, as did Paul, the conversion of the converts at Ephesus, under the ministry of Joel Osteen, J. D. Greear, and Swaggart who now attract public attention in amassing numbers, no new thing as J. D. Powell asked in the Southern Baptist Convention over 20 years ago “Where are the Converts” and the report was made at the 2018 SBC that numbers of baptisms and churches are increasing but attendance is going down; (2) Paul, and the word of God through Paul leave the example and the way for us to question the quality of the converts in terms of how well they learned Chirst.

You see, then as in today, Christians were external influence more by their culture than they were internally influenced by the sanctifying influence of Learning Christ.  The way to not learn Christ through culture is explained in the verses before 4:2.

“This I say, therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you should no longer walk as the rest of the Gentiles walk, in the futility of their mind, having their understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart; who, being past feeling, have given themselves over to lewdness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.”  (Ephesians 4:17-19)

The majority Gentile culture that they were surrounded by at Ephesus of the Roman Empire was much like the American majority culture churches are sorrounded by and influenced by today, noted by walking (a life style) that is: (1) of futility of mind: (2) darkened understanding; (3) alienation from God; (4) ignorance caused by a blindness of the heart; (5) have seared their conscience beyond real spiritual feeling culminating in lewdness, uncleanness, and greediness.  You don’t want a church full of those do you? Is it noticeable that the more democratic and humanistic any culture grows, it grows less moral demonstrating lewdness, uncleanness, the greediness of all pleasures.

The SunGrist Bible online library offers you this week a minimum of 1,371 free downloads, but the prime ministry to SunGrist is to present free to as much of the world as possible THE 7 VOLUMES OF THE LEARN CHRIST COMMENTARIES.  (Some of them written and desktop published over 15 years ago faster than my chief editor could keep up with them, have some mistakes that you are being counted out to correct.  During my 10 years of teaching electronics technology it was noticed that some of the best and most effective textbooks had many mistakes as the authors were too busy teaching to go back and make corrections.  No excuses only facts, and that is being corrected with the highly edited two volumes already with public publishers, volume 7 on and volume 2 being distributed by Ingram Spark.

Anyway it is requested that you sincere and serious seekers of Bible truth in conservative Bible commentaries being the repository of these 7 free download volumes of the Learn Christ Commentaries.  (Actually there are 10 PDF books because the Volume 1 of Apostles and Prophets has 4 sections, volume 1a, volume 1b, volume 1c, and volume 1d.)  Please to not fail to take the time to free download all 10 of these PDF books, and pass the word on.

Volume 1a:  Prophets and Apostles, a Survey.

Volume 1b:  Gospel of the Kingdom in the Old Testament.

Volume 1c:  Top 12 Topics of the Bible, the Old Testament according to the NT.

Volume 1d:  Structural Outline of the Bible, OT quotes in the NT.

Volume 2:  Christ for Individuals, the 5 books of the Apostle John.

Volume 3: “Believe and Be Baptized”, the Ministry and 14 Letters of the Apostle Paul.

Volume 4:  Christ, Paul, and the Falling Away, the book of Hebrews.

Volume 5:  The Message of the 19 Writing Prophets of the Old Testament.

Volume 6:  National Dens of Thieves, Jeremiah and Prophesy.

Volume 7:  The Literal Forever Kingdom.


knowing the author

Part I:  Deuteronomy Bible and It’s NT Quotes Introduction.

This section of Bible based on Deuteronomy reminds us that the BIBLE IS ONE.  Even as the Trinity is the Godhead of three persons and “God is One”, so also the Bible is two major divisions of Old and New Testament with the Bible as One large Book from God of 66 books.  We appreciate men like Hester who have given us outstanding Bible study in two semesters with “Heart of Hebrew History” and the “Heart of the New Testament”, and the Bible teachers of Ouachita and Baylor who taught us; also Samey’s “Heart of the Old Testament” which is a pleasure to read now; however at some point of maturity in our Christian lives of Bible, we need to bring the Bible back to One.  It is noteworthy that historical criticism and so many commentaries today, and study Bibles out of DTS with duplicate Scofield notes, enjoy separating one Bible book from another for study; and that is the way more denominations as man’s creations are born, or worse the Scofield Reference Bible movement is enhanced as the DTS graduates are now striving to do with their Study Bible creations and through selling on the Lifeway of the SBC.

This Literal Bible series encourages the understanding of the Bible as ONE, getting it all back together as it should be with One author the Spirit of God.  Granted is so hard for sceptics and unbelievers, also those Christian leaders on the outskirts of belief to begin to fathom the Miracle that God generated in a period of one thousand years and many Old Testament Prophets and NT Jesus and Apostles of Jesus, ONE BOOK.  It is indeed a marvel of a miracle hard for them to swallow and admit, for one reason because of their failure to see the unity in the Bible of the love of God and the teaching of that love, and to be aware that God worked then and works now continually in the world for the benefit of those believers “chosen from before the foundation of the earth’.  The more todays pastors and denominational leaders today strain at the realities of the Trinity at work, the more they fail to practically see the Bible as One; and vice versa.

For example, how few today even of the most studious in the Bible recognize the ROYAL LAW OF LOVE , establish in Leviticus and made evident in the Prophet Messiah in the book of Deuteronomy.

James 2:8 (NKJV)

8”If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,”[a] you do well…”


  1. James 2:8 Leviticus 19:18

Deuteronomy 18:18,19

 “I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him. 19 And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him.”

NOTE:  If you look for divisions in the Bible you get them, if you look for the unity and consistency in the Bible you get that.  “If two agree” speaks of two witnesses that agree, also the consistency of the Bible Itself, the OT and the NT agree, the royal law of the OT and the NT and exemplified in Christ and His death on the cross.

Part II:  The Outline of the Literal Bible of Deuteronomy and Its NT Quotes and Explanations.


  1. The Importance of Witnesses.
  2. Deuteronomy 5:16, Exodus 20:12 and 21:17, Leviticus 20:9, and Mark 7:10 where with Honor to parents and the law of death with dishonor, Jesus teaches that what is inside man rather than what goes inside him is defiling.
  3. Importance of knowing the Commandments: Deut 5:16-20 and Mark 10:19.


(Mark 10:19  NASV)

  1. What Commandment is Foremost? Mark 10:28-31 and Luke 10:26,27.

(1).  First is THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD, Deut 6:4,5 and Mark 10:29,30.

(2).  Second is Love Neighbor, Lev 19:18 and Mark 10:31.

  1. Worship God only and serve Him: Deuteronomy 6:13 and Luke 4:8.
  2. The importance of a special people to bear witness to God begins here and runs throughout the Old Testament: Deut 7:6 and Titus 2:14.
  3. Deuteronomy 8:3, Matthew 4:4, and Luke 4:4: Man should not live by bread alone.
  5. Live by Listening to what Jesus, the Prophet Messiah has to say: Deut 18:15,19, Acts 3:22,23, and Acts 7:37.

Listen to the Apostle Peter as he preaches quoting from the Prophet Moses in Deuteronomy: Moses said, ‘The Lord God shall raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren; to Him you shall give heed in everything He says to you.  And it shall be that every soul that does not heed that Prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.   (Acts 3:22,23 NASV)

  1. Live by Listening to the testimony of God the Father to God the Son: Mark 9:7, a paraphrase of Deut 18:15,19 except from God Himself, and a direct quote in Psalm 11:7.

Then a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is My beloved

Son, listen to him!   (Mark 9:7  NASV)

  1. Live by Listening to other reliable and trustworthy witnesses: Deut 19:15.

One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth; at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.   (Deut 19:15  KJV)

(1).  Deut 19:15 and Matthew 18:16:  if your brother sins against you but refuses to listen, take your grievance to him byway of two or three witnesses; and if that does not work take it before the local church.

(2).  Deut 19:15 and II Corinthians 13:1:  Listen to the Apostle Paul!

This is the third time I am coming to you, EVERY FACT IS TO BE CONFIRMED BY THE


(3).  Deut 19:15 and John 8:17:  Listen to Jesus Himself!

Even in your law it has been written, that the testimony of two men is true.  I am He who bears witness of Myself, and the Father who sent Me bears witness of Me.   (John 8:17,18)

(4).  Deut 19:15 and I Timothy 5:18:  Listen to the elder of any local church (same as the pastor or bishop) right up to the point that any accusation against him has been established in that local church at the mouth of two or three witnesses.

  • How Can you Listen to a Common Criminal Like Jesus of Nazareth who was cursed in that

He was hanged or crucified on a tree (cross)?  Deut 21:22 and Galatians 3:13

  1. Deuteronomy 21:22.

And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree; His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day;(for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled; which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.   (Deut 21:22,23  KJV)

NOTE:  Jesus was very familiar with this portion of the Word of God as He was with all of the Old Testament, and when crying

My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me a cry of grief more than questioning He knew that God had to turn His back on such a curse on Christ for the sins of the whole world.

  1. Galatians 3:13.

ALL OF GODS WORDS AND WORD IS SERIOUS AND TO BE TAKEN SERIOUSLY WHETHER WRITTEN IN THE OLD TESTAMENT OR NEW TESTAMENT!  Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us for it is written, ‘Cursed is every one who hangs on a tree.

(Galatians 3:13  NASV)

(1).  We were cursed by the Law since striving to live by them and therefore keeping them, we knew ourselves to come far short; and therefore without real life!

(2).  Jesus in the death on the Cross became a curse in our place.

  1. Listen to Jesus seriously on a few other matters.

NOTE:  Especially if you think you were not under a curse because of your failures to live up to the Law and therefore did not need for Christ to become a curse in your place!

  1. Deuteronomy 24:1, Matthew 5:31, and Mark 10:4.

(1).  Deuteronomy 24:1.

When a man hath taken a wife (this is not necessarily the way you are cursed), and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favor in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her; then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.  And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another mans wife.   (Deut 24:1,2  KJV)

(2).  Matthew 5:31.

And it was said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of dismissal; but I say to you that every one who divorces his wife, except for the cause of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.   (Matt 5:31,32  NASV)

(3).  Mark 10:4.

And some Pharisees came up to Him, testing Him, and began to question Him whether it was lawful for a man to divorce a wife.  And He answered and said to them, What did Moses command you? And they said, Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.  But Jesus said to them, ‘Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment.  But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female.  For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother, And the two shall become one flesh; consequently they are no longer two, but one flesh.  What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.   (Mark 10:2-9  NASV)

  1. Deuteronomy 25:3-5 , I Corinthians 9:9, and I Timothy 5:18.

(1).  Be just in judgment in that the punishment correspond with the violation; don’t muzzle the ox as he treads the corn, and let a brother raise up children to his dead brothers wife.

(2).  It was written for our sakes more than for oxen in order that the worker may work with hope of reward for his works.

(3).  The elder (pastor or bishop) that works hard at preaching and teaching should receive likewise double compensation.

  1. Deuteronomy 25:6, Luke 20:28,38, and Mark 12:19.

(1).  Your dead brothers name is not to disappear from Israel.

NOTE:  Why should the eternal laws of God be so concerned about this one single name of a brother who died before he could have any children.  After all the last name of the dead childless and the brother would be the same!

(2).  According to Jesus it is more important to realize that in heaven there is no marriage, rather men are like the angels; and that men do not did who believe in God and Christ like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, because they are still alive with the Living God!  (Luke 20:28,38 and Mark 12:19)

NOTE:  The real concern is that any mans name, alias himself and his real existence, not disappear from the eternal Israel of Gods real people of believing Jews and Gentiles!

  1. Listen also to a few other matters from the Apostle Paul in the Word of God!
  2. Deuteronomy 27:26 and Galatians 3:10.

(1).  Cursed is every man that does not confirm all the laws of God by doing all of them!

(2).  None can truly be justified by the Law, only by faith.

  1. Deuteronomy 32:12 and I Corinthians 10:20.

(1).  The LORD God led Israel and their was no strange gods among them.

(2).  The Gentiles sacrifice to demons not to God, and the Christian is to have no part in this worship of demons.

Part III.  The Paraphrase.

Then in Top Topic #3 of the Bible, based on the Literal Bible outline above, we paraphrase this Deuteronomy section of the OT with its quotes and explanations in the NT as follows__

Top Topic # 3:  Listen to the Consistency of Content

The subject of Top Topic #3, “The Composite Witness of the Bible”, can be stated also as “Listen to the Consistency of the Bible.”  At first, one might think of all the great subjects or topics of the Bible such as the Living God, that men still live after death {the Living God of the Living, Top Topic #1}; the characteristics of God such as holy and righteousness; the one salvation God has provided whereby man can be declared like God righteous and actually achieve a measure of righteousness in this life through the new birth and sanctification; that to pause in this Bible study for such a mundane subject as THE COMPOSITE WITNESS OF THE BIBLE is busy work or space filler; and when you consider so many great subjects or topics still to be considered as “What Happened to the Jews as the People of God”  {by the way a subject being used by itching ears Bible teachers today, and perverted}; or the Gospel of Jesus Christ in both the Old and New Testaments, such great subjects as the Day of the LORD {includes the Second Coming of Christ}; the New Earth, even a new people of God of a few Jews and many Gentiles; and a new capability to live up to the righteous demands of God with a new heart and new spirit, alias the new birth and sanctification {the salvation of the one baptism is a two step process}, then it would seem that such a subject as the consistency of the Bible is just a way to get from Topic # 1 and #2 to Topic #4 and beyond.  No, in many ways this Top Topic #3 is more important than all of them; for it helps you develop a concept of consistency for the Bible that can be a helpful, really indispensable, foundation for the study of all the other 12 Topics.

Composite Witness of the Bible:  Principle of Witnesses

3-1:  The Principle of Two or Three Witnesses.

This “principle of the Bible”, from God Himself, will get us down to the very practical level of a little nitty gritty on the composite nature of the Bible. {Hopefully you will come to the point in this Bible study and any time you see the words “composite” or “consistency”, you will also think of the “Principles of Two or More Witness” of the Bible. This consistency is the highest level, that is how the Old Testament and New Testament speak with one common voice and message; starts with the very fundamental “principle” or “law” as given by God Himself in the book of Deuteronomy.  It continues with I John, along with the second and third epistles of John, and after the writing of Revelation and the Gospel in that order, which is the bottom line of the whole Bible–the last to be written–even as the Apostle John was the last of the long line of message bringers from God to earth of Jesus, the Prophets, and the Apostles. Even as below we look at Deuteronomy 19:15 and I John 5:6-13, first from a Prophet and the second from an Apostle, the first from the Old Testament and the second from the New Testament, you should see a CONSISTENCY or COMPOSITE nature from the truths and messages of the Bible; one that begs a common source and author, that of God the Father Himself sometimes writing through the Spirit of Christ, sometimes through the Holy Spirit, sometimes through the teachings of Jesus; but always with “oracles of God” {this is an internal Bible word for Bible} written in order to communicate to a certain number of people on the earth with the right attitude.

  1. Deuteronomy 19:15.

“One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established.”  (Deuteronomy 19:15)

Do you mean that you are going to use a trite example about a false or true accusation that one man makes about another, and way back there in history as a matter of fact, to describe such a generalization as the COMPOSITE WITNESS OF THE BIBLE?  Yes, because it is another example of how God is striving to get man to behave after His own character and will.

Yes, it is not trite:  (1) it was given by God Himself as a fundamental principle that is echoed and re-echoed many times throughout the Bible, this within itself providing a composite witness on COMPOSITE WITNESS; (2) like all truths of the Bible, it is based on the character of God which He is trying to communicate to man, for example when we say God is obligated to forgive our sins because that is the way it is written in the Bible, what we are really saying is that God forgives sins because that is the very nature of God Himself, and what He has had written in the Bible is a testimony to His own character {in other words, it is so not because simply it is in the Bible; but it is so because that is the way God is!}; (3) and the Bible, far from being a scholarly treatise for intellectual studies, is a unique book that provides a way God can communicate on very practical and realistic levels to man.   {“All scripture is given by inspiration of God and is profitable for….”, bespeaks of this profitability to man, and of the desire of God to communicate to man.}  Well, this communication of God to man began when God called Abraham out of Iraqi to a new land, after a long time through the families of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and 400 years in Egypt, the communication emerged as God told Moses in the wilderness that He was “the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob”; first and simple ways to begin to tell man about Himself; and then continued on Mount Sinai as God Himself first tried to speak to all the people, then as they begged God to talk through Moses, God wrote not only the Ten Commandments down for man with many rules, regulations, both civil and religious, for man to follow.  This fundamental principle as it turns out is both civil and religious, this principle of not allowing any truth to be established as truth without two or three witnesses.

  1. And it continues on through the Bible all the way down to the bottom Bible line of I John 5:6-13.
  2. The 3 witnesses of Heaven.

“For there are three that bear witness in heaven:  the Father, the Word {notice that John here uses the new word, “Word” for Jesus that he learned in the book of Revelation and applied in the epilogue of the Gospel of John}, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. {We talk about the ONEs of Ephesians 4:4-6 describing the top topics of the Bible, major doctrines and beliefs; and sometimes along with the One Baptism for the One Salvation, the One God the Father and the One Lord Jesus Christ with the One Body, the church, we wonder why there is not a ONE for ONE Bible.  Yet the closest for that, and so much more closely related and composite than we think is the “One Faith”, which is faith in the sense of not only what we personally believe about Jesus, but is a summary of all that Christians have come to believe and that they were given and believed originally, at the same time being written in the Bible, “the faith once for all delivered to the saints” of Jude 3.}

  1. The 3 witnesses on Earth.

“And there are three that bear witness on earth:  the Spirit, the water, and the blood; and these three agree as one.”  (I John 5:8)


If we had to have one text to summarize the gist of THE COMPOSITE WITNESS OF THE BIBLE, it would be this quote, repeated twice in the witnesses of heaven and earth, first in I John 5:7 and then in I John 5:8.  And we begin to get composite on composite upon composite; so that you begin to see that not only is this a TOP TOPIC of the Bible, but perhaps the single most important for Bible study and understanding as it describes the very unities of all other top topics of the Bible!

  1. Some of the consistencies about COMPOSITE itself is in the revealed truths of the Bible between Deuteronomy and I John, between the law and the grace of Jesus, between the Prophets and the Apostles, between Old and New Testaments.

(1).  The “How Can Two Walk Together Unless They Be Agreed” of the Prophet Amos.

(2).  The “if any two Christians agree on anything in prayer” they shall receive the request of God of the teachings of Jesus in Matthew 18:19.

(3).  Discipline in churches and among Christians as requiring two or more witnesses to corroborate an accusation.

Even as Hester and Sampey have written short surveys of the Old Testament, and Hester also on the New Testament, referring to them as “the heart” of the OT, because there is so much to cover, so this Top Topical approach sort of skims the gravy off the top; however the assumption is made that what God the Holy Spirit considered most important in the Old Testament Bible was quoted and explained in the New Testament.  Therefore the quotes with explanations and interpretations are the majors of Old and New Testament survey, here in the book of Deuteronomy even as in the other of the 12 top topics of the Bible.  We dare not come out of a survey course on the Bible with facts, dates, history, stating that we have failed to LISTEN to the prime message and messages of the Bible.  {Do not be fearful, we will strive to get some of it all, history and message, even if supplements are required.}

Whether you read from a Prophet of the Old Testament or an Apostle of the New Testament, the message is the same; whether you read from the law of Moses or from the “grace and truth” of Jesus from John, Matthew, Mark, or Luke the message is the same; whether you read the epistles of the Apostle Paul or the five books of the Apostle John, the two agree on all accounts although they perhaps never met; and so on and on through the Bible the agreement is so consistent and so large as to first lead one to think of “How can two walk together except they be agreed?”; or the composite witness of the Bible of this section of the Bible in Deuteronomy with teachings on the agreement of two or more witnesses, that you know the source of all 66 books of the Bible must be the same, from God the Father!

Since the world thinks the opposite, that there are so many inconsistencies in the Bible, so much contradiction and differences between for example Paul and John, between the law and grace, between the Old Testament and New Testament, between even the four Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, that we must labor this “Consistency of Content”; and not because we are apologetic, but because the consistency, integrity, sameness–or whatever you want to call it-are so obvious to those who have met all  the conditions of hermeneutics, the science of biblical interpretation which is just another way of saying the rules the Bible itself lays down for understanding and interpretation.

3-2:  Introduction to the Dynamic Nature of the Bible, the Word of God.

  1. First of all, the Bible is (1) divine in origin, all 66 books of the Bible came from God the Father Himself through the Spirit of Christ and the Holy Spirit; (2) absolute in authority in that while you might want to bring science, or human wisdom, or even religious authority above the authority of the Word of God as a criterion for understanding and interpretation, it just will not work; (3) sufficient in its message, and if we do not find what we are looking for and need, it is from a lack of effort or of hermeneutics; for the very purpose of the Bible as entrusted to the Hebrews as oracles of God, is that God might in each generation and in each nation of peoples communicate–it is for communication and not simply study or scholarly research; (4) it is high fidelity in communication, what God tries to do in the Bible, God will do with just a little amount of cooperation on your part in proper Bible rules for understanding {hermeneutics}; and (5) the Bible is self-interpretative–why in the world do you think the Apostle Peter told us “no scripture is of any private interpretation”? And let me answer that as it is because what the Prophets said in the OT the Apostles and Jesus explained in the NT, and vice versa, also what the Apostle Paul wrote in his 14 epistles that was hard to understand, and even as “some wrested to their own destruction”, like the Apostle Peter wrote, Peter interprets, and vice versa; and so on and on and on through the 27 books of the NT and the 39 of the OT; and finally (6) the same Spirit of God that wrote these books is the Spirit that explains these books to us.
  2. Secondly, you must get into the hermeneutics habit, and if you do you will be surprised how much more open the message and messages of the Bible are to you, which is to allow some other part of the Bible to explain and interpret a verse or chapter in a place of the Bible where you are puzzling. It is the hermeneutics principle of “Compare Scripture with Scripture”.  In short, it is to say that the same God who wrote Romans also wrote I John and Jude, etc., so that what God wrote, or had written, one place will not only be consistent with all other places, but will amplify and explain and interpret if you would. And furthermore as you have started your journey through the whole Bible in these TOP 12 TOPICS, a journey originating from the OT quotes in the NT, and since each place such is quoted there is an explanation and interpretation either by Jesus or an Apostle {also the two associates of Paul, Dr. Luke and John Mark}.  And furthermore sometimes it is the other way, the usage in the


  1. The Bible is a book about Jesus. One way to know if you are getting the proper message and messages from God in the Bible is if you (1) learn more about Jesus, (2) Learn Jesus properly for as Paul wrote in Ephesians 4:20 “this is not the way your learned Christ”, an obvious indication that Christ can be learned improperly, and (3) get that awareness in the heart that the Bible is “alive and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of the soul and spirit”–yes, the Bible is much larger than leather, and pages, and words as it is the living and active Word of God; that is it is like having God set down in our living room and talk to us, and (4) you get closer to God and the Lord Jesus Christ.
  2. Always be on the look out for subtle or just plain outright statements, predictions, and understandings about the Lord Jesus Christ.

(1).  When in John 1 the Apostle John tells us that Jesus was the Word made flesh, the Word from the beginning with God and was God, and that Jesus was there as the Word in the acts of Creation, this tells us about Genesis chapter one how all members of the godhead, the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit were there at Creation.

(2).  When in Genesis 3:15 it speaks of, from God, that Satan will bruise the heel of Christ and Christ bruise the head of Satan, it is talking about:  (1) how Satan hurt Christ in leading Satan’s followers to crucify Christ; and (2) how the crucifixion was really the plan of God all along, and Christ bruised the head of Satan on the cross, freeing with faith on the part of many individuals, those individuals from servitude to Satan, and more which is the long subject of many books in the NT.

(3).  You will be surprise when you read and study Deuteronomy, and you should along with a look at this TOP TOPIC, how much clarity with which Moses speaks of the other Prophet like himself, the Lord Jesus Christ.

“The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren.  Him you shall hear.”  (Deuteronomy 18:15) 3-3:  Some Historical Background of Deuteronomy.

By the way, has it been mentioned that for an up-to-date {after historical criticism and rising above it unscathed, even showing scholarship on it} and conservative set of detailed exegetical commentaries you can not beat THE NEW INTERNATIONAL COMMENTARIES of both the Old and New Testament, for which the beloved F. F. Bruce wrote and for a time was chief editor.  Peter C. Craigie of the University of Calgary wrote the short {short compared to many of the others in the set} commentary on Deuteronomy; and his very introductory words serve to show you something of the difference between history and the message, between ABOUT the Bible that has become famous lately in our pulpits and in Bible teaching instead of the Bible itself, letting the Bible speak to us.

“Deuteronomy is a book about Israel’s preparation for a new life.  Hardship and the wilderness lie behind; the conquest of the promised land lies ahead.  What remains at this crucial stage in Israel’s history–the end of the Mosaic Age–is a call for a new commitment to God and a fresh understanding of the nature of the community of God’s people.”

In this age of knowledge explosion and in your lifetime, you will be able to cull only a certain amount of knowledge and message from the Bible; and although background info like this helps, you must count on the fact that is what most important for you to know has been quoted and interpreted in the NT.  And it at least helps to know that we are gaining some focus on the historical context of Deuteronomy with such statements as above and with a brief look at the text outline of Craigie.

NOTE:  I recall a NT survey course at Baylor in 1953, by the way where the official text was Hester and it was required reading; but the teacher used as the primary text the RSV of the Bible, starting each class with prayer for understanding because it knew and set a good example of how the Bible is not a scholarly treatise, but an alive and dynamic Book through which God speaks, and if we are wise we listen.  This along with a similar survey of the book of Acts at the Bible chair of the University Baptist Church in Austin Texas were highlights of my Bible education, that professor also using Scripture itself with the Moffat version.

Outline of Text and Commentary from Craigie on Deuteronomy:

  1. Introduction to Deuteronomy (1:1-5)
  2. Address of Moses: Historical Prologue (1:6-4:43)

III.          Address of Moses:  The Law (4:44-26:19)

  1. Address of Moses: Blessings and Curse (27:1-28:69)
  2. Address of Moses: A Concluding Charge (29:1-30:20)
  3. Continuity of the Covenant from Moses to Joshua (31:1-34:12)

Certainly in the Topical, exegetical, and expository outline to follow on this Topic #3 of “Listen to the Consistency of the Bible”, you will find like in Craigie’s outline:  some of the history, about the Law and the 10 commandments which while given in Exodus 20 are rehashed here in different words; yes the choice that God set before this new nation, like He still sets before His own people as a group today, of either a Curse or a Blessing, the charge before his death from Moses and the Covenant, emphasizing in our sweep of the Bible as always the “everlasting covenant” over the other two covenants of the Old and New Testament.  {Yes, the book of Hebrews, perhaps with Romans and Galatians, explain primarily the Old and New Covenants with differences.}  A quick look at Sampey’s outline in THE HEART OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, and we will have the historical perspective we need to proceed.  {Of course there will along the way in our Top Topic #3 outline, some references to both great and helpful works.}  Sampey has two of the 14 chapters of his book to cover this historical context: chapter 4 on “The Era of Moses and Joshua” {of course most about Joshua is in the book of Joshua} and chapter 5 on “The Law of Moses”.1

Era of Moses and Joshua

  1. After the death of Joseph and when there was a Pharaoh who did not know Joseph, the family of Jacob now almost a nation, was subjected to rigors of bondage. (Exodus 1:14)
  2. Preservation and Education of Moses.
  3. The Choice and Call of Moses. (Exodus 3:1-12)
  4. Contest Between Moses and Pharaoh.
  5. The Passover.
  6. Guidance with the Pillars and Deliverance at the Red Sea.
  7. Giving of the Law at Mount Sinai.
  8. Breach of the Covenant and Its Renewal. (Exodus 32:1-6)
  9. Tabernacle Built (Exodus 35-40)
  10. From Mount Sinai to Kadesh in the Wilderness. (Numbers 10-12)         11.  Years of Wandering and Sin of Moses and Aaron.  (Numbers 20)
  11. Closing Labors of Moses (Numbers).
  12. Deuteronomy.

“This is one of the great books of the OT.  The aged lawgiver pours out his heart in earnest appeals to his people to love Jehovah and keep all His commandments. He reviews all the mighty acts of Jehovah in behalf of Israel {so that you see with a look at Deuteronomy we have much of the history of Israel…”

  1. Since with this Top Topic #3 from Deuteronomy, we come to the end of the five books of the Pentateuch, called by

Jesus and others in the NT the “Law of Moses” we will want to briefly look at what Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers as well as Deuteronomy are all about.  Never forget however like the Apostle John wrote, “while Moses gave the law, grace and truth came through the Lord Jesus Christ.”  (John 1:17)

God’s perspective, a summary of much of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers}, and exhorts Israel to be faithful and obedient.”

  1. Joshua Conquers Canaan.
  2. The Destruction of the Canaanites.
  3. Settlement of the Tribes of Israel (Joshua 13-21).
  4. Joshua’s Closing Days.

The Law of Moses

“The uniform teaching of the Bible is that ‘the law was given through Moses’

(John 1:17; 7:19; 5:45-47; Luke 24:27).”

  1. The 10 commandments fundamental.
  2. Christian Attitude Toward Sabbath. {You can see that Sampey does some topical and expository, even textual.}      3.  Duties to God.
  3. Duties to our Fellow Man.
  4. The Law of Love.
  5. First Draft of the Civil Law.
  6. The Ritual Law.
  7. What the Law Could Not Do.
  8. Lessons from Leviticus.

(1).  Offerings to God must be without blemish (1:3; 3:1).

(2).  First-fruits belong to Jehovah (Lev 23:10).

(3)  Sin unwittingly committed demands atonement as discovered.

(4).  Sins of rulers demand more expensive offerings.

(5).  Restitution must be made.

(6).  A clean life in every respect.

  1. The Deuteronomic Code.

“The great lawgiver plies his people with reasons for observing Jehovah’s commandments.  He does not quote the laws previously given verbatim; but presents them in a popular manner, sometimes enlarging upon the brief code found in Exodus 21-23.”

  1. Inferiority of the Mosaic Law to the Gospel of Christ.

3-4:  Importance of Witnesses in Deuteronomy as Background for Consistency Testimonies to the Bible as the Word of God.  (Deut 1-17).

  1. The Laws of the 10 commandments remained a consistent testimony to the consistency of the Bible, from Jesus, the Apostles, and the Prophets. Jesus uses in Mark 7:10 {with a quote from Deut 5:16, Exodus 20:12 and 21:17, and Leviticus 20:9}, and in answer to the criticisms of the Pharisees about His disciples, the commandment to honor father and mother as an example of how it had become distorted by these religious leaders as they:  (a) honored God with their lips and not their hearts; (b) practiced vain worship; and (c) substituted the commandments of God for teaching the doctrines of men.1

(1).  All they had to do was say “Corban”, this money is instead used as a gift to God, and they no longer had a responsibility to their parents.

(2).  It is important to get Jesus’ interpretation of what they were doing on this commandment as well as the others–a process of commandment perversion by interpretation that is also prevalent today, more on other commandments like adultery, murder, and covetousness than this one–as the horror, according to Jesus was, that they by giving a priority to their long standing traditions like this one which was making null and void the Word of God (Mark 7:13)

(3) Then Jesus dealt with the original complaint against His disciples–that they ignored “the traditions of the elders”, they ate bread with unwashed hands; and tried to make clear that it was what came out of the heart of man, not what went into his mouth, that defiled him.2

“For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.”  (Mark 7:21-23)

  1. The Continuing Importance of the Laws of the 10 Commandments, Deuteronomy 5:16-20 and Mark 10:19.

What we have today on the Ten Commandments is the two extremes of religious practices, where (1) some try to make all of their morality, religion, and sometimes even Christianity as the Ten Commandments {you have heard it, “all the

  1. Here Jesus in the Mark 7:6,7 dispute quotes from Isaiah 29:13 to describe the false worship and religion of the religious leaders of His day. You notice that we make full circle as first Mark 7 and Jesus throw light on the proper interpretation of commandments like to honor father and mother, and then with another quote goes back to the OT in Isaiah to explain the behavior of the Pharisees, a long tradition among them of the nation of Israel that dated back to the time of the Prophet Isaiah.
  2. We should briefly look at Sampey’s “Inferiority of the Mosaic Law to the Gospel of Christ” here even before we get to the next subsection of “The Continuing Importance of the Laws of the 10 Commandments”. The inferiorities, which we will list now and refer to in more detail later, are:  (1) the Law was a yoke of bondage; (2) a ministration of condemnations and death; (3) a tutor to lead men to Christ (Galatians 3:24); and (4) typical of the new covenant, that is better than the law and sort of a prototype {please read the book of Hebrews}. religion I need is the 10 commandments}; but in reality like the religious leaders of Jesus day, also a common practice among the people, they have a surface and legalistic interpretation and application of the commandments which ignores all along, and in Deuteronomy and Leviticus itself, were summarized as love for God and love for fellow man; and (5) the other extreme of thinking that Christ and the Apostles, the teachings of Christ of the Bible, did away with the requirements of the Ten Commandments, the New Covenant and New Testament with the Old Covenant and the Old Testament.  Yet Jesus clearly taught that He came not to destroy the law but to fulfill it. Granted that many of the rules and regulations that were more civil than moral were nailed to the cross with sacrifice and religious rituals, the ten commandments and many principles, such as the principle of consistency, remained.
  3. Jesus came not to destroy the law.

Jesus taught and made clear with quotes from Deuteronomy and Leviticus how the 10 commandments all along have been summarized as love for God and love for fellow man.  These were not new teachings of Jesus, of the New Testament, and of Christianity:  they were there all along.  And when we place all this emphasis on faith in the Lord Jesus Christ for salvation, which by the way is the way God the Father has set it up and ordained it, we are not going past respect for God the Father as given in the first commandments.  Without respect for God the Father, there is nothing:  no religion, no salvation, no Jesus, no Gospel, and no new birth.  The person who takes God’s name in vain as a habit of life is defunct:  they have nothing, they are nothing in the sight of God, and in the teachings of Jesus and the Bible.  This is composite also!

  1. Jesus came to Fulfill the law.

What the “law could not do in that it was weak in the flesh”, God through Jesus provided a cure for.  With the atonement and faith in the atonement a proper attitude is established before God the Father that makes possible the two step salvation process of new birth and sanctification, one can not exist without the other even as “to believe” in John can not exist without the “believing”, and vice versa.

3-5:  Old and New Testament Consistencies with Quotes from Deuteronomy.

If we make a rapid survey of the many quotes of Deuteronomy throughout the New Testament, you will begin to appreciate somewhat this consistency between the Prophets and the Apostles, between the New and Old Testaments, between even grace and law. {Always keep in mind that while the Bible is a gradual revelation of the nature and character of God Himself, finally shown clearly in the Lord Jesus Christ, God has chosen that the central focus for salvation and the Bible be on the Prophet Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ.  While we come to see Christ as the Messiah, actually Christ is Greek for the Hebrew word “Messiah” in books like Isaiah, during the divided kingdoms of Israel after David and Solomon, we start right here in Deuteronomy getting a lot of insight on Christ as the top Prophet to be heeded and listened to.}

  1. From the quote of Deuteronomy 5:16-20 in Mark 10:19, Mark 10:28-31 and Luke 10:26,27, with the consistency of God is first and love of fellow man is second, a steady theme of truth runs through both Testaments.

2  The “special people” of God theme runs throughout the Bible from Deuteronomy 7:6 to Titus 2:14; and although God gets disgusted with us today like with His original people, God’s righteousness today being broken even as the old covenant was done the same in the Old Testament, God’s intention then and now remained and remains the same:  (1) to get a holy people to the LORD your God, (2) a people for Himself, (3) “a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth”  (Deut 7:6) {there has been a lot of broken hearts for God the Father here}, and (4) a people “zealous of good works”, (5) redeemed for every lawless deed, and (6) a people “purified for Himself” (Titus 2:14).

NOTE:  Sometimes like above in Titus 2:14 while there is not a direct quote, there is so much of the thought and words of a particular OT verse and/or passage, that it is like a precis or paraphrase.  More of this consistency or composite nature of the Bible.

  1. You probably thought the saying “man shall not live by bread alone” started with the teachings of Jesus as recorded in Matthew 4:4 and Luke 4:4, but Jesus was actually quoting from Deuteronomy 8:3.

NOTE:  And by the way how about the consistency of the Gospel of Matthew with the Gospel of Luke, as well as Mark and John.  You can appreciate it more if you will study A HARMONY OF THE GOSPELS by A.T. Robertson, and keep in mind as one of the outstanding legal authorities on evidence, Simon Greenleaf, formerly of Harvard Law School, wrote, “the testimony of the four evangelists would stand up as a prima facie case in any court of law.”  And keep in mind about those who find inconsistencies in the Bible because of their own superficial study of the Bible and spiritual immaturity {the Bible is spiritually discerned}, makes such foolish statements as the Bible is inconsistent since one place Jesus feeds 4,000 and another 5,000.

Jesus, the Apostles, and the Prophets in their teachings and writings in the Bible all speak with one voice because God the Father is the one, same source for all their teachings {doctrines}.

  1. Moses in Deuteronomy 18:15,19 presented Jesus as the Prophet, albeit less clearly than Peter was able to do in Acts 3:22,23 as he quoted Moses because he just saw in the life and teachings of Jesus how it was so, also the germ and principle of salvation in “destruction from among the people” {the people of God}, and the overwhelming necessity of listening to this Prophet Jesus.

NOTE:  Listen is one of the main messages from God that we should get from Deuteronomy and all its quotes and explanations in the New Testament along with how to listen and what to listen to, also WHO!  This is also consistency in the Bible as a composite witness, established far more than two or three times.

  1. The testimony of God the Father to God the Son is consistent in Old and New Testaments from the transfiguration in Mark 9:7 and same wording from God in Deuteronomy 18:15,19, also in Psalm 11:7.

“Then a cloud formed overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is My Beloved Son, listen to him!”  (Mark 9:7, Deut 18:15,19, and Psalm 11:7)

NOTE:  We will not pause to list all the consistent testimonies of the Father to the Son, like this, as listed like in the Gospels in the Baptism of Jesus and as in the quotes from Paul in Hebrews.

(1).  Listen to Jesus is the word directly from God, from the Prophets, and from the Apostles–the consistent message of the Bible; and this is listening to the extent of believing, for this kind of listening is required for salvation, most generally expressed as the only way “not to be cut off from the people”, the people, of course, meaning the people of God.

(2).  Immediately after the cloud cleared at the Transfiguration where the Prophets Moses and Elijah disappeared as God spoke, then the Bible said “Jesus remained alone”.  Just one more way to emphasis as Jesus is alone as a provider of solid teachings and salvation!

  1. Matthew 18:16 for Christians and churches, that of taking a grievance to a brother by way of two or three witnesses and then to the local church, is based on the “Principle of two or three witnesses” of Deuteronomy 19:15.
  2. When Paul wrote to the church at Corinth (II Corinthians 13:1), quoting from Deuteronomy 19:15 on the Principle of Witnesses, and basing the whole argument for two epistles to Corinth and correcting them 3 times, it was based on that famous principle of consistency of the Bible.
  3. When Jesus in John 8:17 speaks of the witness of Himself as Son of God and the witness of God the Father {you know John thought of this as he later wrote near the end of the first century of the 3 witnesses on earth and from heaven}, also an echo of what happened with testimony from the Father both at baptism and transfiguration, He appealed to those schooled in the Law and the Prophets, and on the well known “Principle of Witnesses” of Deuteronomy 19:15.
  4. Likewise the Apostle Paul in I Timothy 5:18, on how not to accept any accusation or gossip about a pastor {bishop}, without two or more witnesses, was quoting from the Principle of Witnesses in Deuteronomy 19:15.

NOTE:  Once again the Principle of Witnesses is larger than one verse, Deuteronomy 19:15, as it is as large as the whole book of Deuteronomy, the whole law of the five books of the Pentateuch, called in the Bible “the law of Moses”.  It is as large as the mind and character of God Himself.  This is not only the way God wants man to behave in civil matters, in social matters; but also in the church and in the establishment of all truth, Bible or otherwise.

  1. The subject of the cross, like that of the Prophet and Messiah Jesus, is consistent throughout the Bible as in Deuteronomy 21:22 and Galatians, where first of all there is a curse on everyone hanged from a tree, and then second as in the Crucifixion of Christ He was cursed by God for man, once and for all, which we now consistently identify as the atonement, or in the words of the Bible “Christ died on the cross for our sins.”

NOTE:  This is another example and place where you can learn facts and history of the Bible and not get the message.  The message is for you to accept the atonement from God, not simply learn about this agreement on the Cross and the blood from the Old and New Testaments.  It, the Scripture, “is profitable” (II Timothy 3:16,17).  It can correct you, it can instruct you, and it can bring you all the way into spiritual maturity.  It is a textbook for living, not a scholarly treatise; and God far from trying to hide secret messages in the Bible, had in the writing of the Bible with over 40 human authors over a period of thousands of years, the goal of direct communicate of humans with the right attitude.

  1. Granted that Moses granted a writ of divorcement in Deuteronomy 24:1, but that this was not to be an easy way of marriage for those who would seek a younger wife, turning their back on the wife of their youth (Malachi 2:14), Jesus clarified in Matthew 5:31 and Mark 10:4 {more consistency of teachings from Jesus as recorded by the Apostles, the Gospel writers, of course Mark was sponsored by the Apostle Paul, the chief editor with 14 epistles of the New Testament}, how it was always intended that there be only one cause for divorce; where adultery or fornication had been committed, and once again established among two or more witnesses; and the reason Moses even permitted such a writ of divorce {and keep this in mind when you consider divorce, and of course this is old and past stuff for the many who have already asked for and received forgiveness and “cleansing from all unrighteousness” from God in prayer} is because of their hard hearts.

NOTE:  In other words divorce is only a last resort when one or more members of the marriage has gone all the way into a hardened heart; and although this wrong and condemned by God and Jesus, it like all sins, if confessed, can receive from God the Father, immediate forgiveness.  And if it is from God the Father, you need nothing from anyone else!

  1. The Principles from God of Deuteronomy, like in 25:3-5 about not to muzzle the mouth of the ox in order that he can eat as he plows, are as practical to just payment of the pastor of a church (I Timothy 5:18), religious law if you would, as they are to civil and social law. {A notable characteristic of the people of Israel, like God had Moses established it, was that the civil law was the same as the religious law; and Paul who would later write 14 epistles of the NT, being the chief quoter of Old Testament scriptures second to Jesus, was a lawyer of Israel, established in civil and religious law, also whose prime ministry was as chief editor of the New Testament.}  The details get juicy in I Timothy from Paul as it is even specified that double compensation should go to any pastor that both teaches and preaches.
  2. Deuteronomy 25:6, Luke 20:28,38, and Mark 12:19: the consistent testimony of the Bible is that (1) all like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob who died in the Lord are still alive, (2) that there is no marriage in heaven and on the New Earth as living souls {with resurrection bodies} are like the angels; and that (3) that the dead are as living as the Living God Himself.
  3. Deuteronomy 27:26 and Galatians 3:10: even as the principle is established in Deuteronomy that every man is cursed, alias guilty and damned, that does not live up to the whole ten commandments and law, it is clarified in Galatians that on one can be justified by the law, only by faith.

NOTE:  Paul makes the case very well in Romans how the law, ten commandments and otherwise, is our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ.  Only guilt, not morality and justification, can come from the law.  We are justified by faith!

  1. Deuteronomy 32:12 and I Corinthians 10:20: even as in Deuteronomy God led Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel and who with 12 sons became a nation of the 12 tribes of Israel, preserved and protected until Christ could be born of their lineage, and who “with him was no foreign gods” (32:12), so Paul urges Christians and church members in I Corinthians not to have “fellowship with demons”, with Gentiles of idols or gods other than the God of the Bible and of the Universe.  Prime loyalty to God the Father, that God of the Universe, the Son of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the Great Creator, the One taught in the Bible, is a consistent message of the whole Bible, only the form of idols and secondary gods change from year to year.

3-6:  Prophet and Prophets in Deuteronomy and the Bible and Today.

Yes, this is very much a contemporary issue today in this time of “the heaping up” of itching ears Bible teachers and preachers who would expect you to accept them like a Prophet, or Prophets; and who with their special revelations, extracurricular words and concepts and revelations to the Bible, to accept them as a special spokesman for God.  (The following outline is based on Deuteronomy 18:15-22.)

  1. The Prophet Lord Jesus Christ in Deuteronomy.

If you fail to get salvation from God through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, and then learn how to live like Christ, then you miss the message of the Bible.

  1. Peter’s quote and explanation of the Prophet like Moses of Jesus.
  2. Did you get the message of the Transfiguration about Prophets?
  3. Establishment of the Office and Work (prophecy) of the Prophet. The Principle of Which Prophet and Prophets to Listen To.  {Which ones are you listening to today?}

3-7:  The Flavor of Deuteronomy {Selected passages for Exegesis}.

  1. Deuteronomy 4:9-24. {Craigie in his commentary likes to call this passage “The Law and the Nature of God”, and about God and how we are to think about Him we will learn some amazing things, even more from the Scripture itself in Deuteronomy than Craigie.}

(1).  You can see in Moses {Deuteronomy 4:9-9} much basis for the admonitions and encouragements of the former lawyer Paul in his epistles as Moses tells the people just before his death and their entrance into the Promised land to: (a) guard themselves carefully, (b) guard very carefully your desire {what this word “desire” and “wants” remind us of is II Timothy 4:3,4 about the Falling Away, which of course is a second historical event of our own time based on the very example of what Moses is talking about to the children of Israel as he addresses the second generation in the wilderness to remind them of what happened to the first generation in the wilderness, that is in the second stage of development after “the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine”, church members and other Christians will be motivated more by their own desires and wants than by Christ and the Holy Spirit, and certainly we see the germ in Warren’s Purpose Driven where church member desires are replace the Spirit and Christ for motivation}; (c) do not forget what you have seen and experienced in the wilderness {Paul in Hebrews–“Brethren, beware lest there be in you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the Living God” (Hebrews 4:12)–uses what happened to the first generation in the wilderness–that is, all over 20 years of Age fell from among God’s people based on their evil heart of unbelief–as an example of what could happen to any Christians, also as a basis for the final great Falling Away of II Thessalonians, before the Second Coming of Christ; and (d) make them known to your children and your grandchildren.}

(2).  God called the assembly of the congregation. (Deuteronomy 4:10)  {Paul as we will look at later in Hebrews 12:18-29 uses Horeb, the coming to Mount Zion, as a stepping stone, with the messages of Moses in Deuteronomy where he rehashes the recent history in the wilderness as an example for contemporary assemblies, never forgetting that sometimes the Greek word for church, “ecclesia”, is translated assembly in the Bible.}  God gave to Moses at Sinai the reason for the assembly of the whole congregation:  (a) so God could cause His own people to hear His own words; (b) and thus God’s people would learn “to fear”  {see the “Fear and Faith”, last chapter of REPORTS TO BELIEVE AND FOR BELIEVING at} God all the days of their lives that they were alive; and (c) lastly to encourage them to teach their children these first two things.

(3).  Moses in Deut 4:11-14 rehearses the exact history of what happened to the congregation of Israel at Mount Sinai:  (a) the people approach Mount Sinai and stood below the mountain so as to have a good view, which of course is where they got much more than they wanted, so much so that at the end of this encounter with God Himself, they essentially said, “no more”; (b) the mountain was a picturesque sight with the sky as a background as it was “burning with fire”, the brightness of the mountain itself was contrasted by the darkness that surrounded it from the darkness, cloud, and dense mist {as you will see later one reason that no one saw a “form” for God, and based on which God will tell His people to never make a form or image for Him, for one thing they have never seen one}; (c) However God did speak directly to the people of God {something that had never happened and never has happened since to a whole assembly of God, although many assemblies today try to fake it–see “Fake Worship” from HIDEOUT FOR BAD HABITS online at} out of the midst of the fire, God Himself stressing that while they heard “the sound of words”, God repeats the word “sound” twice, they did not see a “form”  (Deut 4:12); (d) God declared to them His Covenant, namely the Ten Words {Ten Commandments}, and God Himself with His own finger wrote them on two Tablets of Stone, twice; (e) and at the same time God commanded Moses to teach the people of the assembly “statutes and ordinances” {much of what else you see in Exodus, Leviticus, and Deuteronomy besides the Covenant of the Ten Commandments}.

.NOTE:  Perhaps you have never thought of the Ten Commandments as the Covenant of God with His own people, but according to the words of God Himself that is exactly what it is; of course, Moses repeated these words and wrote them down so that the people of the second and third generation and the generations to follow up to the present would not forget them. Don’t every kid yourself about the fact that the old covenant of the 10 commandments still exist between God and man, like Jesus said He “came not to destroy but to fulfill the commandments”; and check the book of Hebrews on what was nailed to the cross at the same time of the Crucifixion of Christ, it was most of the civil statutes and ordinances with burnt sacrifices and temple worship.

(4).  NO IDOLS:  Deuteronomy 4:15-19.  With first another reminder, an early reminder if you would of the stages of development of the Falling Away, to guard their own desires and wants {“to obey is always better than to sacrifice”, and like Pastor James says the personal desires and wants of Christians and church members have to be guarded and watched because “the spirit within us lusteth to envy” and covet}, there are some surprising sounds from God about the dos and don’ts of idols:  (a) You didn’t see any “form” at Horeb therefore do not “act corruptly by making a form of God {Craigie likes to point out (1) this warning was not so much against the worship of other gods in the form of images, but rather attempts to represent the God of Israel and the Universe in any physical form; and (2) today, even without representations in wood or stone, like in Jeremiah, we are attempted to place God in our mind in such a form as to limit and contain him–remember “Your God Is too Small” by Phillips and the “God is Greater than Conscience” (I John 3:20) Jerry McMichael}; (b) do not make a statute or image in any form such as in the shape of any male or female, any animal, any beast or bird, or of any fish; (c) and lastly do not look at the host of the heavens, the sun, moon, and stars and with awe “bow down to worship and serve them”  {God has given and assigned these host of the heavens to all the peoples of the earth, not exclusively for His own people, so that it makes them sort of secular and of the world.

(5).  Moses is about to die, giving final warnings of this address or message of Deuteronomy 4:21-14.

  1. Guard against forgetting the covenant of the Ten Commandments that God made with all His people.
  2. Do not make an image of God in the shape or “form” of anything on earth and in the heavens that God has forbidden, by the way the subject of the first few commandments of the Ten and the Covenant.
  3. Moses provides an ending quote to Hebrews 12 for Paul with the concluding statement about the nature of God, a summary of much of what the congregation saw at Sinai and what God said, “For our God is a consuming fire” (Deut 4:24 and Hebrews 12:29), except Moses in that last verse includes something about God, also a summary of the nature of God in dealing with His own people, which Paul does not add but knew that the Hebrews to whom He wrote would know it from the law of Moses {the first five books of the Bible, the Pentateuch}, “He is a jealous God”; and don’t you ever forget it! {See “Prime Loyalty” from REPORTS TO BELIEVE AND FOR BELIEVING, a two step salvation process, at .}

NOTE:  Please read the last four passage of Deuteronomy below as we are running out of space and time.

  1. Deuteronomy 5:22-33, Craigie Calls it “Moses’ Mediatory Role at Horeb”.
  2. What is Most Important from God Himself, TO LOVE GOD, Deut 6:1-9.
  3. The Prophet Like Moses, Jesus, of Deuteronomy 18:15-22.
  4. The Blessing and the Curse on God’s People and therefore on the nation and the people of Deuteronomy 30 and 11:26-28.

3-8:  Five Short Exegetical Messages Based on Deuteronomy.

NOTE:  Please also read devotional the five message below from the Apostles Peter, Paul, and John based on Deuteronomy and the Prophet Moses.

  1. The Apostle Peter’s Second Message in Acts 3:11-26 about Jesus as the Prophet like Moses based on Deuteronomy 18:15,18,19.
  2. What Have You As Christians and Church Members Come to? Hebrews 12:1829 based on the congregation before God at Mount Horeb and the summary of the same by Moses in Deuteronomy 4:9-24.  {The exegetical points and flavor of the last section is used for a basis just like it was when Paul originally wrote Hebrews on the Falling Away.}

NOTE:  Appreciation is expressed to Craigie with his commentary on Deuteronomy from the New International Series. Note 1

  1. Good Prophecy versus Bad Prophecy in I Corinthians 14 based on Deuternomy18:20-22.
  2. Setting forth of the Curse of disobedience on God’s People in Galatians 1:6-10 when even an angel delivers another of a different kind Gospel, like the current Gospel of Heath and Wealth {generally called the Gospel of Prosperity}, and the curse of false prophecy and special revelations of Revelation 22:18,19, both based on the true and false prophets passage of Deuteronomy 18:20-22, also the blessings of a National Blessing and the curses of a National Curse on the land and the people, because of a lack of righteousness and effectual, fervent prayer of God’s people, Deuteronomy 11:26-28 and Deuteronomy and Deuteronomy 30. {Actually this message although more exegetical in sections is topical in that it is on “The Curse, not Blessing, on a Nation because of the Shortcomings of God’s People”.}
  3. You have to admire the scholarship and conservative faithfulness to the Bible as the Word of God in spite of the current trends on interpretation and historical criticism. We have to give much credit for this to the late F.F. Bruce with his writing of many helpful and conservative books including a commentary on Luke in the same set of commentaries, and books such as THE BOOKS AND THE PARCHMENTS, but mainly because of his work as chief editor of this great set of commentaries that is head and shoulders above any thing else you can read today for a verse by verse exegetical commentary. B. H. Carroll in AN INTERPRETAION OF THE ENGLISH BIBLE in 17 volumes is more topical and is indispensable for understanding Bible in the total context, and you will appreciate as well as his part in the history of Southern Baptist as President of Baylor and founder of Southwestern Seminary {where by the way the notes from those 17 volumes took students all the way through the Bible}, you will appreciate his examples from life and sermons.  As yet the fighting fundamentalists that control the SBC and the Lifeway book stores have not had the nerve to remove Carroll and R. G. Lee from their bookshelves but as the Falling Away progresses all the way from (1) intolerance to sound doctrine, (2) to priority for the wants and desires of church members and leaders over Christ and sound doctrine, and (3) to the vast “heaping up” of Bible teachers and preachers with “itching ears” (II Timothy 4:3,4), that is from these first three stages of Falling Away development to where we are now–(4) turn completely away from truth and (5) turn into fables, then you will see this happen also just like now they are putting certain Gospel magazines under the counter.
  4. The Three Witnesses to Jesus of Heaven and Earth, {actually a total of 7 witnesses when you consider the internal witness in believers} the Prophet Messiah or Son of God, in I John 5:6-13 based on the Principle of Witnesses in Deuteronomy and the rest of the Bible, Deuteronomy 19:15-21.

3-9:  God the Father.

  1. God’s stringent requirements about a graven image or likeness are more for His own people not to make “any form” of Himself, since they never saw any form at Mount Sinai or otherwise, than not to make any image like men of women, animals, birds, fish; or even more so than to worship and serve the hosts of the heaven. {Many secular historians and even those of historical criticism like to think high thoughts and concept of God as coming from an evolution in truth from old civilizations, starting with the superficial concepts of a god made like the hosts of heaven, or animals, or birds, or even like some humans, then progression to the high character of God and His works with man like we know from the Bible; but in reality it is the other way around, like Paul makes clear in Revelation 1 and 2 in that even when the old civilizations knew God with much full truth on God from nature, conscience, and laws of civilization they did not “honor God as God” and they became vain in their hearts and imaginations, making gods out of those forbidden images of God–more a de-evolution from original Creation with Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden than a progressive evolution. However, it was after the experience of God’s first nation in Egypt where many images of animals as cows and frogs were worshipped as gods, and just before the Hebrews went into the Promised Land of Canaan where they would find many of the civilizations had evolved into the worship of gods like Baal, Astoreth, and hundreds of others, that God in Deuteronomy, after Egypt and before the Promised Land and for the specific reason of preparation for the Promised Land, as well as a consideration for all the Egyptians, like Jannes and Jambres, that came out of Egypt with them, warned against all these forms of humans, animals, and birds that should not be worshiped; primarily that God’s own people since they saw “no form” of God should not try to contain or limit or misrepresent Him any image. Anything they attempted to use to represent a form of the God of the Universe would be too small and too limited to be a high fidelity representation of the Original.}

(1).  Moses rehearsed before the new generation of the wilderness and just before Promised Land entrance under Joshua, “the Lord our God has revealed to us his glory and his greatness, and we have heard his voice”, but you never saw a form so do not make any form of God. (Deuteronomy 5:24)

  1. Obviously any form that God’s people would make of Him in photos, statues, or art work would be far short of the “glory” and His “greatness”, so God says just do not try! (Deut. 4:15,16)  Resist your desires to make a form or image, and “do not act corruptly”.  (Deut 4:16)  {Just one of the first lacks of the righteousness of God man has experienced, and continues to experience today as God’s own people “act corruptly” in making an image or form of God in the mind and heart, if not elsewhere that therefore inevitably “contains and limits” the true God–just like Phillips wrote years ago “Your God is too Small” and Jerry McMichael wrote less years ago in the 1960’s when it was so popular to make the Conscience of the Boomers the sole criterion for faith and practice, and which even continues today in our churches as people take the attitude it is right if they feel good about it and bad if they do not, “God is Greater than the American Conscience” based on I John 3:20.}
  2. Yes, the people were right to say that they were lucky to live the first time they heard the voice of God and lived, not to take a chance any other times; and since when has it ever been heard in the history of mankind that man saw and heard God and still lived?

(2).  The wish of God, “would that they were continually of this mind” (Deuteronomy 5:29) to (a) fear God and (b) to keep the commandments {covenant} of God.

  1. You should remain aware in this 12 topic Bible Study to get all the major messages and message of the Bible that the truths or fact about the nature of the character and personality of God, including the way God deals with His own creations and in particular His own peculiar people, that this concepts of God came out of historical encounters with God: (1) Moses at the burning bush was told of “The Living God of the Living”, that Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob still were alive and were living with the Living God, and that those three were the beginning of the nation of God’s people; (2) although Job with historical encounters with God Himself after so many years of bum advice from friends and foes, we are not sure when the book of Job was recorded as part of the “oracles of God”; in other words how much Moses and Israel in the wilderness knew of the lessons about the power and Creation by God of the book of Job–indeed their “departures from the living God” when times got hard, unlike the faith of Job in God when he suffered for no wrong which he had done, or who failed to blame God for these injustices, indicate they had not heard or at least learned the lessons about God in Job; so that as God tested them for 40 years in the wilderness they instead developed “an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God”  (Hebrews 3:12).  Likewise the listening to God Himself and what He told about Himself at Sinai was a historical encounter, a very rare one at that, of an appearance from God Himself to the whole congregation; and surely like they said, they were lucky to listen to God Himself and still live.  Other Prophets after Moses would talk to God and listen to God like the Prophet Isaiah, the Prophet Elijah, and Jeremiah; and as instructed, these Prophets would record those messages, primarily with a message for the current people of God and quite often shorter and integrated messages of a predictive nature.  Like most of the writers on the Prophets remind us the Writing Prophets, and even the others like Elijah, primarily had a message for their own generation, and the predictive element for generations way out in history was only a small percentage of their total message.  Even like in Joel and Amos when some of God’s judgments, or curses, were about to immediately come on that living generation, is was of such  the prophecy was of such a nature as to be within itself both predictive in a few years and also in the distant future.  {You see the main point is not a double nature of prophecy, but that God with the way and ways that He deals with man in any generation, especially about His justice and judgment and even curses and blessings is always the same.} That brings us naturally to consider what God had told Moses about Prophets, including how you are able to identify Prophets by that likeminded with Moses and Jesus, and how to distinguish between true prophets and false prophets.
  2. Prophets of God from Moses to Jesus and beyond.

(1).  Prophets like Moses and Jesus.

  1. Jesus and Moses were much alike. (Deut 18:18)
  2. These Prophets would come from the “midst of the brethren”, in other words from God’s own people and be like God’s people.

(2).  The ministry of these Prophets would be characterized by:  (18:18)

  1. The extent to which it was obvious that God Himself had “put my word in his mouth”, alias the high fidelity of the message; and
  2. The faithfulness with which that Prophet told all that God, without exception and bias and timidity, had commanded.

NOTE:  Although we know the nature of prophecy changed somewhat with the coming of the Holy Spirit to earth in great power and glory on the first day of Pentecost after the Ascension, in that it became more democratic or prevalent among all of God’s people, and to the extent in I Corinthians 14 that “prophecy” is used as almost all public speaking in the church, we can use the detailed messages of I Corinthians 14 to bring us back to the same original requirements of Deuteronomy 18:18, that is (a) “Is it obvious that the message was placed there by God”, and we are fortunate in that we have the objective writings of all 66 books of the Bible to compare against these self-proclaimed Prophets, and (b) the faithfulness, courage, and consistency with which that so-called Prophet delivers the message from God. {Is it like the barrier between the bad habits of II Timothy 3:1-8 and the Falling Away of II Timothy 4:3,4, that barrier of course is II Timothy 3:16,17 where (1) the sink hole of “ALL SCRIPTURE” must continually be filled, (1) the gap of church administration bridged as Scripture is presented that is profitable for “reproof and correction” as well as doctrine {today very skimpy} and “instruction in righteousness, today much instruction but little righteousness; and (3) the application to Christian living bridge as men, women, youth and children of God are matured and perfected unto all and every good work.  That is all that is necessary to keep contemporary churches from slipping from just bad habits into a falling into the falling away with all five of its stages:  (1) intolerance toward sound doctrine, (2) a congregation motivated more by their own “desires”, pleasures, and “wants” than by Christ and the Holy Spirit and total Word of God; (3) the vast and widespread “heaping up” of Bible teachers and preachers with itching ears and with something new and novel like the Gospel of Prosperity; (4) the turning away from truth, another way to say turning away from sound doctrine, and which also begs the issue that there can be unsound doctrine or teachings if there is a sound doctrine that correlates with the truths of God and Christ; and (5) the turning into fables.  Churches have been leaking for years from the bad habits, or follies, to the stages of the Falling Away; although it would be hard to make a case that especially among southern Baptists that there has as yet been a wholesale departure from truth with the adoption of fables; but there are obviously some leaks, perhaps the greatest of which are (a) the Gospel of Prosperity,(b) special revelations with the attitude that the Word of God came to us only or out of us only, (c) divisions and fights caused like Pastor James wrote by “the spirit within us that lusteth to envy” and covet, (d) the fighting spirit per se that John condemned when he wrote in I John to “test the spirits”, a spirit not of Christ and the Christ of peace among Christians {granted it would have been easier for us to distinguish the false from the true prophets and prophecy if John had specified that this bad spirit was a fighting spirt, not a loving spirit; but you see John knew his fellow Apostle and colleague, James, had already connected a fighting spirit like that of the fundamentalists with where wars and divisions come from in the first place, from “the spirit within us that lusteth to envy” and covet, obviously the desire for more status, recognition, and territory where the so-called “moderates” got in the way and had to be destroyed from Seminaries and pulpits, part of the heaping out in order to heap in their own kind and continue the “heaping up” process of the Falling Away}, and (e) the Scofield and Darby false concepts that deny or delay in Christian minds the Falling Away and the real events of last things.

  1. What guidance do we get from Moses, God, and Deuteronomy 18 on how to distinguish a true prophet, and true prophecy, for a false prophet and false prophecy besides the details of I Corinthians {please look at the chapter on I Corinthians in HIDEOUT FOR BAD HABITS, Hideout_for_Bad_Habits/ and the two chapters on I Corinthians in the LCC set on the 14 letters of the Apostle Paul, “Believe and Be Baptized”, at }, the guidance of the Apostle John in the little epistles of John which are essentially guidelines for how to test the spirits and based on the criterion of the fellowship of the saints; those now recorded in the Bible for our help, the help on the Apostle Jude about “the faith once for all  {these doctrines of the faith then and now are complete without any special revelation} delivered to the saints”, Jesus on the many false prophets not only that will exist in the “beginning of sorrows” of early and continuous history but also the many more during the Falling Way–Jesus called it “love will wax cold as sin abounds”, and even of Paul to the Ephesian elders where savage wolves would come in from outside the church and from the local church bodies that would (a) scatter church members into other groups, and (b) make disciples to themselves?  Well the initial guidance we get on how to distinguish at the very time the office of prophecy and Prophets was established, of course you remember the changes Jesus made with the Holy Spirit, are:

(1) First of all the Word must be true and consistent (Deut 18:22); and I hope in this you see “the consistency message” of two or more witnesses where the witnesses are not only the Prophet Moses and Isaiah and Joel and Amos on through the Writing Prophets and the other Prophets like Elijah, but Jesus Himself who came to earth to teach everything that God had taught Him in heaven, and faithfully; and the Apostles like Paul, and John, and James, and Peter, and so on and on through the recorded words of the 39 Old Testament books and the 27 New Testament books, the 66 books from God and Prophets and Apostles of the total Bible.  And aren’t we fortunate to have something so objective, and consistent, and easy to understand with the proper attitude and enough time as this book now made out of leather and paper and words and ink; but in its dynamic nature, so alive and living, much more than ordinary books.

(2).  If there is any predictive element in the message of prophecy, or of the Prophet, then apply the ultimate test of time, that the message comes true. {You know Paul also had this in mind when he told the young minister that in spite of all the bad habits of the perilous times and in spite of the five stages of the Falling Away development, to “make full proof of his ministry”. Alias make it true by what you do of what you have said, and make it true what you speak of what you profess!}

NOTE:  Perhaps you previously thought that the Consistency and Composite Message of the Bible was more rhetorically or colorful; but you see, based on Deuteronomy and the consistency with the rest of the Word of God by the Prophets and the Apostles, even with “the faith once for all delivered to the saints”, and in history, it is not only a TOP TOPIC of the Bible, but perhaps the top topic for any old or young student of the Word of God who would learn even more, and far more, about the Bible.  You, the Word of God right here on Consistency and Composite is laying a foundation for the study of the rest of the 12 Topics, the two previous topics of “The Living God of the Living” and “The Righteousness of God and Man”, as well as the 9 to follow as we progress from the law of Moses to Malachi, and quote these OT books in the 27 books by Jesus and the Apostles.  Isn’t it grand!  It is hard to tell who is more blessed, the nation of Israel because God chose them and made them to be custodians of the “oracles of God”, like Paul writes about in Romans, or we Gentiles because by the grace of God we have been allowed to be wholesale, in the waning time of the “Fulness of the Gentiles” to be recipients of these 66 Oracles of God, the Bible.

  1. This third Top Topic grows long, albeit perhaps the chief topic for Bible study, and though we would go away from a short study of Deuteronomy with many helpful applications for our contemporary Christian and church life, we must hasten to the last of these applications: While you do not hear much in the New Testament about The Curse {actually the word “curse” is found approximately 19 times in the NT, however very few of them apply to the curse on God’s own people, more on the people enamored with the works of the law which causes them to ignore righteousness by faith as required by God, and the curses that come out of many mouths} consisting of many curses and many calamities as contrasted to The Blessing of God consisting of many blessings and also over a period of time and history, you do hear from Jesus in John 14 and the Apostle Paul in Hebrews 12, and well as many other places, of the equivalent Group Chastisement which is the same as a short term curse; and also you realize, hopefully, that the two curses of the NT, a curse on those who preach another Gospel and the curse of Revelation on those who take away from or add to the Bible, alias on the Prophets of special revelations, are also Group Chastisements on God’s People and as such as like the Curse of the OT and of Deuteronomy where God Himself sets before His own people, and His own people only {like in Hebrews 12 not “bastard children” of God}, a “blessing or a curse”, life or death.

NOTE:  Please read for yourself Hebrews 12:1-17 as well as the about the congregation before Sinai, and where we stand right now, of Hebrews 12:18-29, the last words of which “For our God is a consuming fire” reminds us that the God the Bible is a God of wrath, jealousy, and judgment as well as a God of love; and though it will take many sins and a long time, for that judgment to come eternal, He is not beyond chastisement {a curse} right now on you and your group of God’s people.  To think that God does not work in the now and present is to ignore so much of Deuteronomy and the Bible, so much of the very nature and way of God.  And as you do so, please note from Hebrews 12:  (1) the group nature of the message to the “we” of Christians and church members, and who all take the same Prophet Jesus as “author and finisher” of the one common faith, that once for all delivered to the saints, of the fellowship of the Apostles, and in the Bible (12:1,2); (2) you as Christians and church members have a guarantee like Job of enduring hostility from sinners to the extent you live consistently the Christian life even if you are not persecuted to bloodshed like those martyrs of the first centuries to now that “will live and reign with Christ for one thousand years” (12:3,4); (3) yes, the OT speaks of this same chastisement of Hebrews and of Deuteronomy in that “whom the LORD loves He chastises” (12:5,6 and Proverbs 3:11,12); and (4) all sons of God {God has special chastisement for His own people, and sometimes as contrasted on the sun that shines on the good and the bad, or the rain and storms, it is only for God’s own people–aren’t we lucky} are chastened that are not bastard children; (4) it may be a curse for a short time of the “present” (12:11), perhaps the training of a curse or curses or calamities may have gone on for a longer time until with eternity there is “the peaceable fruit of righteousness” for those who will accept the training of God.

What you will find in the bottom line discussions of Galatians, the curse on those who preach and teach another Gospel than that once delivered, and the bottom line discussions of Revelation 22 where the same curse is on those who add to or take away from Scriptures by special revelations, of course a very common practice today, those curses come on the behavior of some of God’s people, basically the only ones who will read and tamper with Scriptures like Galatians and Revelation, because their motivations are to substitute their own works of righteousness for the righteousness by faith as once for all delivered to the saints.  You see this same subject of righteousness in Revelation 22 with the let the righteous remain righteous and the filthy remain filthy of 22:11, and in Galatians where the whole discussion of the real Gospel is centered around a righteousness by faith instead of by the works of the law.


The Bible is Christ with the Complete, Original Outline of the Bible.

The place of this blog/paper is to outline the whole Bible in brief from the quotations in the New Testament from the Old Testament, and does it surprise you that most of the quotes of the Old Testament in the New Testament come from the 14 letters of the Apostle Paul; and furthermore that it is this chief editor of the New Testament, which more than the Old Testament is a story of Christ–that by much more, by the way,  is the same Paul who wrote, “For to me to live is Christ.”  For Paul to live was for Christ to live, and for the Bible to live today is for Christ to live through the words and Word of the Bible.  (You will see before you finish this volume, if you can since it is large, and if you do not see Christ already in the Bible.)

Unless you still the veil over your eyes which is done away in a personal experience with Christ, or unless  “blindness in part is happened to” you as part of the nation of Israel “until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in; and in either case all we can do, you and us, is pray that the veil or blindness be removed in order that you can see!  Of course, when this happens, world history as we know it is almost over!

Someone tells the story of a certain large Bible so designed that when you stood back to look at any page, you would see outlined around the text an image of Christ.  So it is with the story or message of the Bible.  Christ is the Bible, and the Bible is Christ. How appropriately the Apostle John first received in Revelation the proper word of “Word” to represent the Lord Jesus Christ, then later in the writing of the Gospel of John started the story of the Life of Jesus  with the “Word made flesh” as a proper label for Jesus.  The word “Word” for Jesus and the word “Word” for the Word of God are more closely related than we will ever know this side of eternity. (Karl Barth has made a contribution here in his book on the Word.)

Each of us must interpret Christ for our own generation.  The accuracy of that interpretation can be measured in terms of our faithfulness to the Bible as the Word of God.  There are many official and un-official interpretations of Christ even as there are many man-made religious organizations which claim to properly interpret Christ for our times.  Rather than sling mud about which ones and how many of them are really part of the body of the Christ of the Bible, and incidentally of the presently living Christ who is the only head of the real body of Christ…that is, I say, rather than trying to separate who is and who is not a member of the real body of Christ, the more positive approach is to get back to the Bible with good Bible-based principles of hermeneutics, or Bible interpretation, setting forth the real Christ of the Bible and what it is to Learn the Christ of the Bible.

If forced to select two verses from the Bible to represent a single focus for THE LEARN CHRIST COMMENTARY, it would have to be Ephesians 4:20,21.

“But you have not so learned Christ, if indeed you have heard Him and have been taught by Him, as the truth is in Jesus…”  (Ephesians 4:20,21 NJKV)

Let us face up to realities:  Even as some church members in the church at Ephesus, the church where the Apostle Paul had labored the longest, had not really heard Christ and had no really been taught by Christ, even so many more in American religious organizations, having lesser leaders than Paul and Christ, have not heard Christ and have not been taught by Christ.  (You will learn more about this focus later.)  Right now, we need to relate the “Preview of the Bible”, the subject of this first chapter, to that focus.  The claim is that the story of the whole Bible is ultimately a story about the learning of Christ.  If you look at the outline of the Bible below, you will notice the Gospel of Christ as number 8 of the complete 12 of  the subject outline of the Bible.  You will also find Christ dominating roman numerals 4,5,10,11,and 12 as well as an integral subject matter of each outline division.  The reason is simple:  the Bible is a story about the Lord Jesus Christ!  And if you don’t learn Christ, the Christ of the Bible and the Christ of God the Father, the Creator of the Universe, then you do not learn the Bible!

Subject Outline of the Bible.         

  1. The Living God of the Living
  2. Righteousness of God and Man   
  3. The Composite Witness of the Bible   
  4. God, Man and the Son of Man
  5. The Resurrection
  6. Wisdom From God
  7. The Gospel
  8. Listening More Important Than Sacrifice
  9. What Happened to the Jews as the Chosen nation?
  10. The Salvation of God
  11. The New King of Israel
  12. The Living God Wants Others to Live

What is amazing is that the whole Bible of 66 books, 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament, can be outlined under 12 major subjects!  I will tell you upfront why that is possible: because of the Old Testament quotes in the New Testament, and because the New Testament provides the proper interpretation of those Old Testament quotes.  And that is exactly what the Bible Itself by It’s way of self interpretation in II Peter 1:20,21:

knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.”

We have heard or read it so often that we miss the meaning:  there is only God Authorized interpretation of the Bible, the ASPI for Authorized Semi-Public Interpretation which means only the Apostles as authors of New Testament books, and of course Jesus, can interpret, explain, and implement with applications the quotes in the New Testament from the Old Testament Prophets, Genesis thru Malachi. And since Paul, Jesus, and the other NT writers chose for us, Gentiles and Jews, what is most important in the Old Testament, then in such an outline below based on OT quotes in the NT, we do justice to the complete message which is Divine in Origin, Absolute in Authority, Sufficient, High Fidelity in communications, Dynamic and Alive with the Holy Spirit, and self-interpretation establishing It’s own rules for understanding (hermeneutics).

                                   The Bible Outline


  1. God, Man, and Marriage.
  2. Genesis 1:26,27, Matthew 19:4,  and Mark 10:6.

(1).  Let US make man in OUR image  bespeaks of the  plurality of  God during the time of creation.

(2).  In our image  and after our likeness  tells of some of the glory of man that during Creation was acquired from God.

(3).  The dominion  of man over all the other works of Creation tells of the First Commission of man to be a pioneer in the exploration and control of the works of Creation.

(4).  The Bible refers to man as male and female  so that in marriage male and female becomes a complimenting couple of male and female.  That is the way God originally created them; and in marriage that is the way He intends for it to keep going according to Jesus, and absolutely no person is to have any part in the separation of those two which God has joined together.

  1. Genesis 2:7,24, I Cor 15:45, Matthew 19:5, I Cor 6:16, and Mark 10:7,8.

(1).  From Gen 2:7 we learn that:  (a)  God created man physically from something that already existed, from the elements of the earth; (b) As far as the actual existence or inward spirit of man that came from God breathing into him the breath of life; and (c) With that spirit of life also man became a living soul.

(2).  From Gen 2:24 we learn of the one flesh  characteristics of marriage that God still intends and has always intended, that oneness emphasized by Jesus and the Apostles in the New Testament.

(3).  While Paul in I Cor 15:45 is emphasizing the difference between the first Adam and Christ the second Adam, also the difference between the natural and the spiritual body, the first man from earth and the second from heaven, he also contrasts the living soul and the living spirit.

(4).  As a man departs from the household of his mother and father, cleaving to a wife in marriage, the two become in Gods sight as one flesh  (Matthew 19:5,6 and Mark 10:7,8).

(5).  So serious is this matter of joining  with God that the Bible considers when a man has a relationship with a harlot that he becomes one body with her  (I Cor 6:16).

  1. Genesis 5:1,2, Matthew 19:4, and Mark 10:6.

(1).  Genesis 5:1,2 reinforces and builds on previous doctrine as God calls their name, male and female, Adam.

  1. God and the Gospel.
    1. Genesis 12:1-3 and Galatians 3:8.9.

(1).  With Gods call to Abram to another land, God gave the everlasting covenant of:  (a) From Abram’s seed God would make the great nation of Israel; (b) Through his seed Christ the name of Abram would be great; and (c) Through Abram all the families and nations of the earth would be blessed.

(2).  Paul writes in Galatians 3:8,9 that:

  1. When God said “In thee shall all nations be blessed” God was preaching the Gospel to Abraham;
  2. This all nations meant the Gentiles, or heathen  which is the favorite word of the Bible for Gentiles;
  3. This Gospel is justification through faith; and
  4. All Gentiles and Jews who believe in Christ becomes the seed of Abraham through faith.
  1. Genesis 15:5,6, Romans 4:18, and James 2:23.

(1).  In Genesis 15:5 God identifies that the seed of Abram will be as numerous as the stars of the sky, and in Genesis 15:6 since Abraham believed God will He said this the belief was counted for righteousness.

(2).  In quoting “So shall your seed be” from Genesis in Romans 4:18, Paul emphasizes how Abraham believed in hope against hope that he would indeed be the father of many nations although he had at the time no sons.

(3).  The Apostle James in James 2:23  reiterates how the faith of Abraham was counted as righteousness, adding that Abraham was called the friend of God.

  1. Genesis 17:5 and Romans 4:17.

(1).  As God changes the name of Abram to Abraham, He says “A father of many nations have I made thee”.

(2).  Paul tells us in Romans 4:17 that this quote from Genesis 17:5 tells us two things about God Himself:

  1. God is a life-giving God; and
  2. God is a God that can call into existence what did not previously exist.
  • God of the Living, our Father in Heaven.
    1. Genesis 18:12-14 and Mark 10:27.

(1).  God told Abraham and Sarah that though old and stricken in years they would have a son, and when Sarah laughed God said, Is any thing too hard for the LORD?

(2).  Jesus in Mark 10:27, not in the same context but with a paraphrase of the same meaning, talks of salvation as all things are possible with God .

  1. Genesis 22:18 and Galatians 3:16.

(1).  All nations will be blessed with salvation through the seed of Abraham.

(2).  That Seed is singular, the Seed is Christ.

  1. Genesis 38:8 and Mark 12:19.

(1).  Judah told Oman to raise up children to his brother Er whom God had slain.

(2).  When the Sadducees brought  up the matter of raising children by a died brothers wife and as to whose wife she would be in the resurrection, Jesus told them that what was important was that God was the God of the living, the God of the living Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

  1. Exodus 3:6 and Luke 20:37.

(1).  God told Moses in the call at the burning bush that He was the God of Moses father, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

(2).  About the dead being raised to life, Jesus quotes Moses and Exodus 3:6 how God is the God of Abraham, the God of  Isaac, and the God of Jacob; and with the emphasis on God as each time God with repeated with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

  1. Exodus 9:16 and Romans 9:17.

(1).  God has Moses tell Pharaoh that he has been put on the throne of Egypt for two reasons:  (a)  To demonstrate the power of God in securing the freedom of Israel; and (b) That the name of the living God and the God of the living might be declared over all the earth.

(2).  In quoting that in Romans 9:17 and in explaining the meaning in Romans 9:16,18, Paul is telling us of how God is in control of world events; and what  is important does not depend on the will of man or the competitiveness of man, but rather on the mercy of God, and that ultimately God will have mercy on whom He alone desires.

  1. Exodus 12:46 and John 19:36.

(1).  The Passover feast in remembrance of Gods rescue of Israel from Egyptian bondage among other things included that the lamb of the feast should not have a  bone of the body broken, a direct quote of which we will see later in Psalms.

(2).  When the Apostle John in John 19:36  tells of how at the Crucifixion of Jesus, and since Jesus was already dead contrary to custom, not a bone in His body was broken, John is quoting from both Exodus and Psalms 34:20.  (Psalms 34:20 is directly quoted, and the reference from Exodus

12:46 is closer to a paraphrase.)

  1. Exodus 16:18 and II Corinthians 8:15.

(1).  During Gods supply of manna during the 40 years in the wilderness, those who gathered much had nothing left over and those who gathered little were not hungry so that it was completely by the grace of God and according to the individual needs.

(2).  Paul quotes this in II Corinthians to illustrate equality  among Christians in the churches, or to illustrate the democratic nature of salvation.


  1. The Ten Commandments.
    1. Exodus 20, Luke 18:20, Mark 7:10, Matthew 5:38, Romans 13:8,9, and James 2:11.

(1).  These are the Ten Commandments according to Jesus and the Apostles.

  1. Exodus 21:17 and Mark 7:10: speaking evil of mother and father was considered so serious to God that those who did such were to be put to death.
  2. Exodus 21:24 and Matthew 5:38: under the law it was to be life for life, eye for eye, and tooth for tooth s greatly did God respect human life and welfare and desire Israel to do the same.
  3. Exodus 32:6 and I Corinthians 10:7:  Paul reminds Christians at Corinth not to be idolaters even as the children of Israel were while Moses was on Mount Sinai getting the Ten Commandments.
  1. The Laws of a Holy God.
    1. Leviticus 4:18-20 and Hebrews 9:22: not a paraphrase or a quote, but rather in Hebrews 9:22 Paul summarizes what blood  could do in the laws and ordinances of the Old Testament, the practices of which Leviticus 4:18-20 is typical.
    2. Leviticus 11:44 and I Peter 1:16: God requires that His people be Holy since He Himself is Holy.
    3. Leviticus 18:5,16 and Galatians 3:12: any person who desires to live under the Laws must live by keeping the Laws.
    4. Leviticus 19:12 and Matthew 5:33.

(1).  In these just and holy requirements of the Law of Leviticus since “I am the LORD”, His name is not be sworn by falsely nor profaned.

(2).  With this quotes and as a starting point, Jesus says don’t make any oath at all.

  • How Did the Law Read during the time of Jesus.
    1. Luke 10:26: “And He (Jesus) said to him, `What is written in the Law?  How does it read to you?”  (NASV)
    2. Leviticus 19:18 and Luke 10:27: (1) To Love God with all the heart, mind, and soul; and (2)To Love your neighbor as yourself.
    3. Leviticus 18:5 and Luke 10:28: “And He (Jesus) said to him, `You have answered correctly; DO THIS, AND YOU WILL LIVE.”   (NASV)

NOTE:  If you could really do this, keep these laws, you would live eternally.

IV  The Laws Jesus Came to Fulfill, not Destroy.

  1. Leviticus 19:18 and Matthew 5:43: You have been told to love your neighbors and hate your enemies?
  2. Be like God (Matthew 5:44,45): “But I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you in order that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.” (NASV)
  3. Galatians 5:14, Romans 13:8,9, and James 2:8: All the Law is fulfilled in Love for Neighbor as yourself.
  4. Leviticus 20:9 and Mark 7:10 (with Exodus 20:12 and Deut 5:16): Since in the Law the requirement to “Honor father and mothers has already been established and quoted here, it follows also on the ordinances of the law, or applications, that those who curse mother and father should die.

NOTE:  The emphasis of Jesus in Mark 7:13 is that the religious leaders were trying to invalidate the Word of God by their traditions.

  1. Leviticus 28:12 and II Corinthians 6:16: God desires a distinct or special people among whom He can dwell and be their God.

NOTE:  In Isaiah 52:11 as quoted in II Corinthians 6:17 this is to be a clean and separate people.

  1. The real way to eternal life, to fulfillment of righteousness and the Laws, is through faith in the Crucifixion of the Lord Jesus Christ for the sins of the world.
  2. Numbers 9:12 and John 19:36 reminds us that as predicted in the Old Testament not a bone in the body of  Christ was broken during Crucifixion.


  1. The Importance of Witnesses.
  2. Deuteronomy 5:16, Exodus 20:12 and 21:17, Leviticus 20:9, and Mark 7:10 where with Honor to parents and the law of death with dishonor, Jesus teaches that what is inside man rather than what goes inside him is defiling.
  3. Importance of knowing the Commandments: Deut 5:16-20 and Mark 10:19.


(Mark 10:19  NASV)

  1. What Commandment is Foremost? Mark 10:28-31 and Luke 10:26,27.

(1).  First is THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD, Deut 6:4,5 and Mark 10:29,30.

(2).  Second is Love Neighbor, Lev 19:18 and Mark 10:31.

  1. Worship God only and serve Him: Deuteronomy 6:13 and Luke 4:8.
  2. The importance of a special people to bear witness to God begins here and runs throughout the Old Testament: Deut 7:6 and Titus 2:14.
  3. Deuteronomy 8:3, Matthew 4:4, and Luke 4:4: Man should not live by bread alone.
  5. Live by Listening to what Jesus, the Prophet Messiah has to say: Deut 18:15,19, Acts 3:22,23, and Acts 7:37.

Listen to the Apostle Peter as he preaches quoting from the Prophet Moses in Deuteronomy: Moses said, ‘The Lord God shall raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren; to Him you shall give heed in everything He says to you.  And it shall be that every soul that does not heed that Prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.   (Acts 3:22,23 NASV)

  1. Live by Listening to the testimony of God the Father to God the Son: Mark 9:7, a paraphrase of Deut 18:15,19 except from God Himself, and a direct quote in Psalm 11:7.

Then a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is My beloved

Son, listen to him!   (Mark 9:7  NASV)

  1. Live by Listening to other reliable and trustworthy witnesses: Deut 19:15.

One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth; at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.   (Deut 19:15  KJV)

(1).  Deut 19:15 and Matthew 18:16:  if your brother sins against you but refuses to listen, take your grievance to him byway of two or three witnesses; and if that does not work take it before the local church.

(2).  Deut 19:15 and II Corinthians 13:1:  Listen to the Apostle Paul!

This is the third time I am coming to you, EVERY FACT IS TO BE CONFIRMED BY THE


(3).  Deut 19:15 and John 8:17:  Listen to Jesus Himself!

Even in your law it has been written, that the testimony of two men is true.  I am He who bears witness of Myself, and the Father who sent Me bears witness of Me.   (John 8:17,18)

(4).  Deut 19:15 and I Timothy 5:18:  Listen to the elder of any local church (same as the pastor or bishop) right up to the point that any accusation against him has been established in that local church at the mouth of two or three witnesses.

  • How Can you Listen to a Common Criminal Like Jesus of Nazareth who was cursed in that

He was hanged or crucified on a tree (cross)?  Deut 21:22 and Galatians 3:13

  1. Deuteronomy 21:22.

And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree; His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day;(for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled; which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.   (Deut 21:22,23  KJV)

NOTE:  Jesus was very familiar with this portion of the Word of God as He was with all of the Old Testament, and when crying

My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me a cry of grief more than questioning He knew that God had to turn His back on such a curse on Christ for the sins of the whole world.

  1. Galatians 3:13.

ALL OF GODS WORDS AND WORD IS SERIOUS AND TO BE TAKEN SERIOUSLY WHETHER WRITTEN IN THE OLD TESTAMENT OR NEW TESTAMENT!  Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us for it is written, ‘Cursed is every one who hangs on a tree.

(Galatians 3:13  NASV)

(1).  We were cursed by the Law since striving to live by them and therefore keeping them, we knew ourselves to come far short; and therefore without real life!

(2).  Jesus in the death on the Cross became a curse in our place.

  1. Listen to Jesus seriously on a few other matters.

NOTE:  Especially if you think you were not under a curse because of your failures to live up to the Law and therefore did not need for Christ to become a curse in your place!

  1. Deuteronomy 24:1, Matthew 5:31, and Mark 10:4.

(1).  Deuteronomy 24:1.

When a man hath taken a wife (this is not necessarily the way you are cursed), and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favor in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her; then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.  And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another mans wife.   (Deut 24:1,2  KJV)

(2).  Matthew 5:31.

And it was said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of dismissal; but I say to you that every one who divorces his wife, except for the cause of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.   (Matt 5:31,32  NASV)

(3).  Mark 10:4.

And some Pharisees came up to Him, testing Him, and began to question Him whether it was lawful for a man to divorce a wife.  And He answered and said to them, What did Moses command you? And they said, Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.  But Jesus said to them, ‘Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment.  But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female.  For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother, And the two shall become one flesh; consequently they are no longer two, but one flesh.  What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.   (Mark 10:2-9  NASV)

  1. Deuteronomy 25:3-5 , I Corinthians 9:9, and I Timothy 5:18.

(1).  Be just in judgment in that the punishment correspond with the violation; don’t muzzle the ox as he treads the corn, and let a brother raise up children to his dead brothers wife.

(2).  It was written for our sakes more than for oxen in order that the worker may work with hope of reward for his works.

(3).  The elder (pastor or bishop) that works hard at preaching and teaching should receive likewise double compensation.

  1. Deuteronomy 25:6, Luke 20:28,38, and Mark 12:19.

(1).  Your dead brothers name is not to disappear from Israel.

NOTE:  Why should the eternal laws of God be so concerned about this one single name of a brother who died before he could have any children.  After all the last name of the dead childless and the brother would be the same!

(2).  According to Jesus it is more important to realize that in heaven there is no marriage, rather men are like the angels; and that men do not did who believe in God and Christ like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, because they are still alive with the Living God!  (Luke 20:28,38 and Mark 12:19)

NOTE:  The real concern is that any mans name, alias himself and his real existence, not disappear from the eternal Israel of Gods real people of believing Jews and Gentiles!

  1. Listen also to a few other matters from the Apostle Paul in the Word of God!
  2. Deuteronomy 27:26 and Galatians 3:10.

(1).  Cursed is every man that does not confirm all the laws of God by doing all of them!

(2).  None can truly be justified by the Law, only by faith.

  1. Deuteronomy 32:12 and I Corinthians 10:20.

(1).  The LORD God led Israel and their was no strange gods among them.

(2).  The Gentiles sacrifice to demons not to God, and the Christian is to have no part in this worship of demons.

2-4:  GOD, MAN, AND THE SON OF MAN                

  1. How God deals with men and with men Through Christ!
  2. Some evident things about God in the Bible of Job and Psalms.

(1).  God can do everything and anything without any limitations to His power in heaven and on earth.

(2).  God knows every thought and every action of every man on earth.

(3).  God tricks the wise men in their own methods of craftiness like an adult playing with toys and children.

(4).  God exalts the humble in His sight.  They can be down and out and still though humble in the ways of the world not necessarily be humble in the sight of God, and it is even harder for the up and out to be humble in Gods sight for they trust in their own riches or financial security.

  1. Job 5:13 and I Corinthians 3:19: God catches the wise in their own craftiness.
  2. Job 22:29 and James 4:10: God exalts the humble.
  3. Job 42:2 and Mark 10:27.

(1).  Job 42:2.

“Then Job answered the LORD, and said, I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can be withholden from thee.  Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge?  therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.  Hear, I beseech thee, and I will speak:  I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me.  I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear:  but no mine eye seeth thee.  Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.”   (Job 42:1-6  KJV)

(2).  Mark 10:27.


“And Jesus, looking around, said to His disciples, How hard it will be for those who are wealthy to enter the kingdom of God.  And the disciples were amazed at His words.  But Jesus answered again and said to them, Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God!  It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.  (Why, because most of them unlike Job can not say, ‘Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.)  And they were even more astonished and said to Him, ‘Then who can be saved?  Looking upon them, Jesus said, With men it is impossible, but now with God; for all things are possible with God.”   (Mark 10:23-27  NASV)


  1. God the Creator and Father looks at man, men, and then testifies to men.
  2. God the Creator notices that the Gentiles rage against Him and that the people of Israel imagine a vain thing and things about Him: Psalm 2:1,2 and Acts 4:24-26.
  3. God the Father has decreed and testified in the Bible as well as at the baptism of Jesus in the presence of many as the voice came from heaven that Jesus of Nazareth is, was, and is His Son:

Psalm 2:7 , Matthew 3:17 and 17:5, Hebrews 1:5 and 5:5, II Peter 1:17, and Mark 9:7.

(1).  Psalm 2:7.

“I will declare the decree:  the LORD hat said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.”   (Psalm 2:7  KJV)

(2).  Matthew 3:17.

“And after being baptized, Jesus went up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon Him, and behold, a voice out of the heavens, saying, This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”   (Matt 3:16,17 NASV)

(3).  Matthew 17:5.

“And Peter answered and said to Jesus, ‘Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, I will make three tabernacles here, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.  While he was still speaking, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and behold, a voice out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased; hear Him!”   (Matthew 17:4,5  NASV)

NOTE:  What God adds in His own testimony to Jesus as compared to the transfiguration after a similar testimony at the baptism is HEAR HIM . Paul did not mean in Ephesians 4:20,21 that like Peter, James, and hundreds of others you had to be there physically as Jesus taught.  What he meant was that through the help of the Spirit of God you must see and hear from yourself, personally.   This is the key to who can be saved!  By listening to Jesus and His words of life!

(4).  Hebrews 1:5.

“For to which of the angels did He ever say, ‘Thou art My Son, Today I have begotten thee?  And again, ‘I will be a father to Him, and He shall be a Son to Me?”   (Hebrews 1:5  NASV)

(5).  Hebrews 5:5.

“So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest, but He who said to Him, ‘Thou art my Son, Today I have begotten thee…”

NOTE:  This is the first time in this Bible study of the progressive revelations of the Bible from Genesis to Malachi that we have encountered Jesus as the great high priest.

“…just as He says also in another passage, ‘Thou art a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.”   (Hebrews 5:5,6  NASV)

NOTE CONTINUED:  And we will come to this second quote in Hebrews 5:5,6 when we get in the progression to Psalm 110:6.

(6).  II Peter 1:17.

“Moreover I will endeavor that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance, For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.  For he received from God the Father honor and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.  And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him the holy mount.   (II Peter 1:15-18  KJV)

NOTE:  So that the Apostle Peter in writing for a permanent record adds his own testimony as a witness to Jesus with the witness of God the Father and that of Jesus Himself!

(7).  Mark 9:7.

“Then a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is My beloved Son, listen to Him!’”   (Mark 9:7  NASV)


  1. God chooses men and ways less esteemed among men as far as status in order to receive Honor and Praise to His name:  Psalm 8:2 and Matthew 21:16.

III.  What Can God tell us about ourselves as men and women?

  1. Psalm 8:3,4: When we consider the magnitude and vastness of all that God created in the Universe, how in the world can He give mind to a little man and beyond that visit man on the planet earth through the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ?
  2. Psalm 8:5,6: What does God specifically think of man based on the way He created him.

(1).  God made man a little lower than the angels, and recall that this is the generic man of Genesis of male and female.

(2).  God gave honor and glory to man by creating him in His own image or likeness, and God keeps that thought pattern in mind in all His dealings with man.

(3).  God entrusted man with all the other works of His Creation, placing man in dominion over all these works of Creation.

(4).  God remembers man.

(5).  God visits man.

  1. Hebrews 2:6: We must go beyond the primary level of meaning about Man to that about the Son of Man, the Lord Jesus Christ, who in Himself fulfilled all that God originally meant for man and more; and you see that in Hebrews 2:8

“Thou hast put all things in subjection under His feet.  For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him, But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him.”   (Hebrews 2:8  NASV)

  1. I Corinthians 15:27.

Granted that there are many stories, many chapters, verses, and books in the Bible; but the total subject matter for the practical purposes of Christian faith can be summarized as faith in God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, the Bible, and Salvation.  Get that and you have enough of the Bible for life.  The following important passage helps to establish the present and eternal relationship between God the Father and Christ the Son.

“The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.  For he hath put all things under his feet.  But when he saith all things re put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.  And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.”   (I Corinthians 15:26-28  KJV)

(1).  There are still some enemies such as death that has not be subjected to Christ as the Son of Man, or  Christ as the Lord of heaven and earth.

(2).  God the Father has ordained that all in heaven and earth be under the feet of Christ, and heaven is already there.  May Gods will be done on earth as it is in heaven as more people still on earth are subjected to the Lordship of Jesus Christ.

(3).  God the Father did not put Himself in subjection to the Lord Jesus Christ.

(4).  After the Second Coming of Christ when everything on earth also comes under the actual Lordship of Jesus then Jesus will Himself be subjected to the LORDSHIP of the Father.

(5).  God the Father may ultimately be all in all .

  1. What did God find during the time of David and before when He looked down from heaven to take a close look at man (I suspect this was and is all the time)?
  2. Psalm 14:1-3: (1) God found fools who said in their hearts that there is no God; (2) He found a corrupt humanity of abominable works and an absence of doing good;  (3) When He searched again among men to see if any of man understood and sought God, He found that they all had missed the essential way, found filthiness, and a lack of doing good.
  3. Romans 3:10.

“As it is written, ‘There is none righteous, not even one; there is none who understands, there is one who seeks for God; All have turned aside, together they have become useless; thee is one who does good, There is not even one.”   (Romans 3:10-12  NASV)



  1. What God did for Christ the firstborn and therefore what He also does for all that will believe in Christ as the secondborns!
  2. Psalm 16:8-11: God is at my right hand; I feel secure and realize that honor will be achieved; the pains of the flesh are assuaged by hope; God will not leave my soul in hell; and God will not allow His Holy One to see corruption in the grave;  God will show me the path of everlasting life where in His Presence there is fullness of joy; and at His right hand there is pleasure forever.

NOTE:  The only way Jesus could place the Father on His right hand and also be at the right hand of the Father is for the two to be facing in opposite directions which was true at the Crucifixion as Jesus became a curse for us!

  1. Acts 2:25: Listen again to the witness of the Apostle Peter as he preached on the first day of Pentecost after the historical coming of the Holy Spirit in power and fullness.

“Men of Israel, listen to these words:  Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know this Man, delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.  And God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony od death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.  For David says of Him, ‘I was always beholding the Lord in my presence; For He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken, Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted; moreover my flesh also will abide in hope; because thou wilt not abandon my soul to hades, nor allow thy Holy One to undergo decay.  Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; Thou wilt make me full of gladness with thy presence.”   (Acts 2:22-28 NASV)

NOTE:  A Paraphrase on This Sermon from Peter.

The  Apostle Peters First Sermon was naturally on Jesus of Nazareth after he had explained what had been seen as manifestations of the historical coming of the Holy Spirit in power and fullness to take the place of Jesus on earth, Jesus immediately before having Ascended back to the right hand of God the Father.  First what Peter had told them about the Coming of the Holy Spirit to take the place of Jesus with a quote and explanation from Joel 2:28-32 (Acts 2:14-21): These men who are speaking on other languages that so that all men present here can hear in their own language, are not drunk; but is that historical event predicted by the Prophet Joel.  It is that at the beginning of the last days, in other words right now, God will pour out the fullness of His Spirit; and with this fullness of the Spirit will also come:  (1)  A more widespread and democratic knowledge of God through the widespread presence and power of this Spirit as young and old, servant and free, men and women receive the Spirit; (2) prophecy will also become more democratic as contrasted to the Prophets in the Bible who wrote Scriptures of the Apostles of the New Testament; (3) All this will happen between this beginning of the last days and the end of time when the old earth becomes the new earth as the sun and moon are turned into darkness at the end of time; and (4) The sole method of salvation from this beginning of last days to this end of time will be that

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

Second what Peter told them about Jesus and salvation:  God the Father gave His own testimony of witness to Jesus through miracles, wonders, and signs that obviously had to come from God and which Jesus performed as well as the voice that came from heaven at the baptism and transfiguration of Jesus.  God did this in your midst the midst of Israel and in the First Century as all Israel well knew.  Yet Israel crucified Jesus on a tree, or cross, making Him a curse in the sight of God which was really the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God  as we have seen predicted in the Old Testament long before the First Century A.D. God in order to complete salvation and the testimony to His own Son raised Jesus up from the dead.  You see if He was His own Son, and He was, it was impossible that death and the grave could hold Him captive.  And like David wrote in Psalms as a prediction of that which was to come and as a decree from God of what was already settled in heaven that remained to be fulfilled on earth was that God would not leave Christs soul in hell for more than three days, that He would not allow the physical body of Christ to suffer the corrupting influence of the grave, and that as the Firstborn He would be restored to life and the Presence of God.

  1. What God will do for humanity during the period of time from the beginning of the last days after the Ascension of Christ and the end of time!
    1. Psalm 18:25 and Matthew 5:7: God will bless the merciful by giving them mercy Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.   (KJV)
    2. Psalm 18:49 and Romans 15:9: God will spread the praise of His name and the name of Jesus among the Gentiles, another aspect of the democratic ways of God after the Coming of the Spirit in fullness.
  • Now we are in a position to understand Jesus cry of “My God, my God why hast thou forsaken me ?”  of Psalm 22:1 and Matthew 27:46.
    1. It is to be understood in the total context of Psalm 22 which starts with the Crucifixion of Jesus and the words of Jesus on the cross in 22:1 and ends in 22:28-31 with establishment of the kingdom of Christ on earth in its fullness.
    2. First we should realize that other portions of Psalm 22 relate ahead of time events about the crucifixion as they pierced the hands of Christ and as they cast lots for His garments: Psalm 22:16-18 and Matthew 27:35, also John 19:24.
    3. Psalm 22:22 and Hebrews 2:12: Both He, Christ, who does the sanctifying, or setting apart of Christian in salvation, and those sanctified, that is the Christians, has the same source from the One God the Father; and therefore Jesus as the Firstborn is not ashamed to call the secondborn Christians as brethren .
    4. So God the Father turned His back on Christ the Son was He was dying on the cross for the sins of the world, while Christ was being made a curse on the cross which a righteous God could not stand; and to that extent God the Father had to forsake Him for three days according to the plan that they had made in the counsels of eternity while Christ was on the cross being made a curse, and while Christ went to hell, the intermediary place after death for those who do not go immediately to heaven where He preached to the dead spirits.
  1. Who Then Will See God and Be Saved?
    1. Those who are sensitive the Conscience of others as well as his own Christian Conscience, seeking their good as well as his own good: Psalm 24:1 and I Corinthians 10:26.
    2. Those who have received a legally declared purity of heart through justification by faith and an inward potential of purity of heart through the daily process of sanctification, and that will also become the pure of heart with complete redemption or glorification at the Second Coming of Christ: Psalm 24:3-5 and Matthew 5:8.
    3. Those who learn to love life and see longevity of life: Psalm 34:12-16 and I Peter 3:10-12.
    4. Those who do not forget faith in Christ and in the Crucifixion of Christ for salvation and righteousness: Psalm 34:19,20 and John 19:36; and Psalm 35:19 and John 15:25.

(1).  In the crucifixion they hated Christ without a cause.

(2).  Not a bone in Christs body was broken like the Passover Lamb, but rather when His side was pierced out flowed blood and water, the sign of death by a broken heart.


  1. Two Kinds Response/People.
    1. Let a man ask in faith and without a desire to consume it on his own lusts in order to get wisdom from God: Proverbs 2:3-6 and James 1:5.
    2. Wisdom of God includes discipline of the LORD: Proverbs 3:12 and Hebrews 12:6.
    3. To turn sinner from error of ways: Proverbs 10:12 and James 5:20.

(1).  Saves a soul from death; and

(2).  Covers a multitude of sins.

  1. Some do the deed of their father the devil: Proverbs 18:4 and John 7:38.
  1. Some wise and unwise responses to God.
    1. Those who have the knowledge of Jesus then return to worldly entanglements are like dogs returning to vomit: Proverbs 26:11 and II Peter 2:22.
    2. To plan on tomorrow apart from the will of God is foolish: Proverbs 27:1 and James 4:13.
    3. Rich foolishly fall into temptations and snares: Proverbs 28:20 and I Timothy 6:9.
  • Making life’s decisions in terms of the terminal One Day.
  1. After tribulation the sun and moon will be darkened, the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of heaven will be shaken: Ecclesiastes 12:1-3 and Mark 13:24.
  2. Then the meek will inherit the earth: Psalm 37:11 and Matthew 5:5.
  3. In preparation for this new people of the new heavens and earth God has provided a body, the body of Christ, as He took away burnt offerings and sacrifices: Psalm 40:6-8 and Hebrews 10:5.      The unwise eats bread at the table of Christ while they lift up their heel against Him:  Psalm 41:9 and John 13:18.
  4. God’s Eternal Wisdom rests in Christ.
  5. God the Father, Psalm 45:6,7 and Hebrews 1:8, says of God the Son:

(1).  Your throne is forever, O God;

(2).  Rule of your kingdom is righteousness; and

(3).  You loved righteousness, hated iniquity.

  1. Some statements by Christ before made on earth:

(1).  They hated me without cause:  Psalm 69:4 and John 15:25.

(2).  The reproaches of God fell on me:  Psalm 69:9 and Romans 15:3.


  1. The Time Finally came.
    1. Christ in parables told hidden things: Psalm 78:2,24, Matthew 13:35, and John 6:31.
    2. The Father charged to angels to care for Christ: Psalm 91:11 and Matthew 4:6.
    3. God knows the thoughts of the wise as vain: Psalm 94:11,12 and I Corinthians 3:20.
    4. This is the time to hear the voice of God, not hardening the heart: Psalm 95:7-11 and Hebrews 3:15; 3:7; and 4:7.
  2. Some things God the Father says.
    1. Of The Son You are Eternal though the earth passes away: Psalm 101:25-33 and Hebrews1:10.
    2. Of angels, ministers and a flame of fire: Psalm 104:4 and Hebrews 1:7,8.
    3. To Son, Sit on my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool: Psalm 110:1 and Hebrews 1:13.
    4. That Christ is a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek: Psalm 110:4 and Hebrews 5:6 ,7:21.
  • Believe and Speak.
    1. God made Jesus Lord and Christ: Psalm 110:1 and Acts 2:34,35.
    2. II Cor 9:9 and Psalm 112:9.
    3. II Cor 4:13 and Psalm 116:10.
    4. Romans 15:11 and Psalm 117:1.
    5. Psalm 118:22, Matt 21:42, and Luke 20:17.
    6. Psalm 118:26 and Matthew 21:9.


  1. Listen to God.
  1. Love of God and neighbor is and always was in the Old Testament more important than burnt offerings and sacrifices:  I Samuel 15:22 and Mark 12:33.
  2. To listen to Christ as Lord is more important than the legal requirements of the sabbath day: I Samuel 21:1,6, Luke 6:3,4, Mark 2:25, and \Matthew 12:2,3.
  3. When you listen to God in the predictions of the Bible you have to listen twice as hard as the predictions often have double meaning–that is, a wider spectrum of meaning than immediately obvious as here where it applies to King Solomon and King Jesus: II Samuel 7:12,14 and John 7:42.
  4. Listen to God talk about His own remnant of Israel when He tells Elijah that He has reserved 7,000 for Himself that have not bowed the knee to Baal: I Kings 19:10-18 and Romans 11:4.
  5. Listening Signs from the Early Prophets and Jesus.
    1. The Listening Signs for This Generation is Both Solomon, Jonah and Jesus as recorded in the Bible while in Nineveh’s generation it was the Prophet Jonah and in Jesus time it was Him the Prophet Messiah:  Jonah 3:1-4 and Luke 11:29.
  1. Listen to the Apostle Peter on the first day of Pentecost after Christs Ascension as he quotes from the Prophet Joel to explain both what happened on that day, and what would happen from this the beginning of the last days until the end of time: Joel 2:28-31 and Acts 2:16-21.
  2. Listen to the Prophet Joel start the ball rolling on the prime them of the Bible about eschatology, the One Day of the LORD: Joel 3:13, Mark 4:29, and Mark 13:24.
  • Listen to God Himself tell in the Bible to what extent the nation of Israel was and was not His chosen people.
    1. Immediately after rescue from Egyptian bondage God turned away from most of Israel, giving them up to worship the host of heaven; Amos 5:25-27 and Acts 7:42.
    2. God takes a people for His name from among the Gentiles: Amos 9:11,12 and Acts 15:15-17.
    3. These same Gentiles shall be called sons of the living God: Hosea 2:23 and Romans 9:25,26. Isaiah 1-39
    4. If God had not chosen a small remnant out of Israel they would have been like Sodom and Gomorrah: Isaiah 1:9 and Romans 9:29.
  1. Listen to God Himself in His book on matters or eschatology, or last things.
    1. You must first of all see the double nature of predictions as related to eschatology as when the Old Testament said,

“I will call my Son out of Egypt.” ( Hosea 11:1 and Matthew 2:15)  NOTE:  The Son has a double meaning: 

(1).  First it is the nation of Israel as the Son; and          (2).  Then it is Christ as the Son.

  1. Immortality and the sting of death: Hosea 13:14 and Isaiah 29:8.
  2. Day of the LORD: Isaiah 2:3,12,18, and 19, and I Corinthians 14:36, II Thessalonians 2:2, and II Thessalonians 1:10.
  3. Isaiah 35:51; 61:1 and Matthew 11:5.


    2. At the Second Coming of Christ death will be swallowed up in victory: Isaiah 25:8 and I Corinthians 15:54.
    3. All Israel that was chosen to be saved shall be saved: Isaiah 27:9 and Romans 11:27.
    4. Whoever believes in Christ, Jew or Gentile, shall not be ashamed of that faith: Isaiah 28:16 and Romans 9:33, also Romans 10:11.
  1. What God did to Israel until the time of the fullness of the Gentiles is completed.
    1. God gave them a spirit of slumber: Isaiah 29:10 and Romans 11:8.
    2. Meantime the Jews continued to worship God as if it was real: Isaiah 29:13, Matthew 15:8,9, and Mark 7:6,7.

(1).  Worshiped with lips while hearts were somewhere else.

(2).  Vain worship.

(3).  Worship based on the teachings of men in the place of  the doctrines of God.

  1. God will destroy the wisdom of all these wise men according to the ways of the world: Isaiah 29:14 and I Corinthians 1:19. Isaiah 40-52


  1. God chose the time!
    1. First, there was John the Baptist saying in effect THIS IS THE TIME : Isaiah 40:3-5, Matthew 3:3, Mark 1:2,3, John 1:23, and Luke 3:4-6.
    2. It was inevitable since these things were already recorded in the Word of God that they would happen: Isaiah 40:8 and Luke 21\;32,33.

(1).  Most to happen during Christs generation.

(2).  The rest on the final One Day of the LORD as the old earth and old heavens pass away.

  1. The Mind of the LORD became the incarnated Mind of Christ: Isaiah 40:13 and I Corinthians 2:16.
  1. God Himself took the initiative by sending His own Son to planet earth.
    1. This is My Beloved Son , God said of Jesus of Nazareth: Isaiah 42:1-4, Matthew 3:17, Mark 1:11, Matthew 17:5, Mark 9:7, and Matthew 12:18-21.
    2. God is faithful but He will listen to the cries of men for salvation in a time acceptable to Him: Isaiah 45:14 and I Corinthians 14:25.
    3. It is inevitable that every knee will voluntary now and involuntarily at the end of time bow and worship to the praise of God: Isaiah 45:23 and Romans 14:11.
  • Men will come from the four corners of the earth to worship God.
    1. Men will come from north, south, east, and west: Isaiah 49:7-12 and Matthew 8:11.
    2. Heaven and earth will pass away, not Gods Word: Isaiah 51:6 and Luke 21:32,33.
    3. Gentiles will come in large numbers in spite of the fact that Gods name has been blasphemed among them because of the Jews: Isaiah 52:5 and Romans 2:24.
    4. Paul preached widely the Gospel of Christ where Christ was not already named in order that those who did not previously see and hear might both see and hear: Isaiah 52:15 and Romans 15:21.
  1. Who Has Believed the Reports from God?
    1. To whom has the salvation, or arm of God, been revealed: Isaiah 53:1, John 12:38, and Romans 10:16.
    2. Who and how many believed the miracles of healing as Jesus took on Himself the infirmities: Isaiah 53:4,7 and Matthew 8:17.
    3. Who and how many believed when John the Baptist made the report, “Behold, the Lamb of God…” ( Isaiah 53:4,7 and John 1:29,36)
    4. The great report of Jesus from the cross as He is made a criminal and curse for mankind, and according to the predictions of the Old Testament: Isaiah 53:12 and Luke 22:37.


  1. Jews and Gentiles as citizens in the new kingdom.
    1. The unmarried have more children that the married, the Gentiles have more children of God than the Jews: Isaiah 54:1 and Galatians 4:27.
    2. None comes to the Father except as drawn by the Father, and all those who are taught by the Father: Isaiah 54:13 and John 6:45.
    3. God gave in the Temple to the Jews a House of Prayer, but they had turned it into a den of thieves by the time of Jesus: Isaiah 56:7 and Matthew 21:13 and Luke 19:46.
    4. All the nation of Israel that is really the Israel of the children of God will be saved: Isaiah 59:20,21 and Romans 11:26.
  2. Characteristics of the New King of Israel.
    1. The message to Zion is that your new King comes meekly, riding on a donkey: Isaiah 61:11 and Matthew 21:5.
    2. Jesus told them in Nazareth of how the Spirit of God was upon him: Isaiah 61:1,2 and Luke 4:17,18.

(1).  God anointed Him to preach the gospel to the poor.     (A King especially for the poor people.)

(2).  God sent Him to start the release of captives, and to make provisions that the blind might be able to see.

(3).  To provide freedom for the downtrodden.

(4).  To make a Proclamation as to when is the Acceptable Year of the Lord (the last days) that leads to the One Day of the LORD and Lord.

  1. Happiness in this new kingdom will come only to those who first mourn because of their inability to do it for themselves: Isaiah 61:1,2 and Matthew 5:4.
  • The Method of Citizenship Only That From God, on Gods terms as dictated in the Old Testament and made evident in the New Testament.
    1. The New Citizenship found of those who sought it not or who searched not for it (grace): Isaiah 65:1 and Romans 10:20,21.
    2. Jerusalem is the city of the Great King: Isaiah 66:1 and Matthew 5:33.
    3. The Christ, the Prophet Messiah, born in Bethlehem, Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:5,6, and John 7:42, to be:

(1).  A ruler of the people; and

(2).  A shepherd of the people.

  1. The sowers of the Old Testament and the reapers of the New Testament will rejoice together in this New Kingdom: Micah 6:15 and John 4:37.
  1. The Good News of the Gospel of the Kingdom preached by messengers.
    1. How welcome across the way on the mountain is the first sight of those who come with the Gospel: Nahum 1:15 and Romans 10:15.
    2. Yet most do not believe the report, foolish people without the ability to see or hear: Jeremiah 5:21 and Mark 8:18.
    3. God established a House of Prayer but the nation of Israel turned it into a den of thieves: Jeremiah 7:11 and Matthew 21:13, and Mark 11:17.
    4. Trust in God.

(1).  Whoever boasts, let him boast only in God:  Jeremiah 9:24 and I Corinthians 1:31.

(2).  Trust only in God:  Jeremiah 17:5,7 and II Corinthians 11:9.


  1. God’s desire after His originally chosen nation of Israel.
    1. Rachel weeps for her children: Jeremiah 31:15 and Matthew 2:17,18.
    2. Gods desire to walk among and dwell in His own people: Jeremiah 31:1 and II Corinthians 6:18.
  2. The just, justified, or righteous must live by faith in God.
    1. Righteousness by faith; Habakkuk 2:4, Galatians 3:11, and Romans 1:17.
    2. Kingdom of God starts out small then grows larger: Daniel 4:9 and Mark 4:32.
  • The sanctified and glorified must live by faith in God.
    1. The beginning of glorification is when see the Son of Man coming in great power and glory: Daniel 7:13, Matthew 24:20, and Mark 13:26.
    2. The end of the ordinances of the law and the temple worship came during the Abomination of Desolation of Daniel, 80 A.D.: Daniel 9:27, 11:31, and Mark 13:14, and Matthew 24:15.
    3. Before the Second Coming there will be a time of tribulation in which even the heavens and earth are affected: Daniel 12:1-3 and Mark 13:19.
    4. Shook only the earth before, the last time will shake earth and the heavens: Haggai 2:6 and Hebrews 12:26.
  1. Final Messages to Disciples and to All.
    1. To Disciples: do you not see, hear, and remember: Ezekiel 12:2 and Mark 8:18.
    2. To Jewish religious leaders: in vain they do worship: Ezekiel 33:31 and Matthew 15:7.
    3. Zion: your King is Coming: Zechariah 9:9, Matthew 21:4, and John 12:14.
    4. Crucifiers: they gaped on Him whom they pierced: Zechariah 12:10 and John 19:37.
    5. Disciples: will strike down the Shepherd and the sheep will be scattered: Zechariah 13:7 and Mark 14:27.
    6. Jacob I loved and Esau I hated: Malachi 1:2 and Romans 9:13.
    7. The Voice of One Crying in the wilderness THE TIME IS NOW: Malachi 2:10 and Matthew 11:10 and Mark 1:2.

LAST NOTE FOR PERSONAL INFO:  You are welcome to free download in PDF the “The Bible is Christ with the Complete, Original Outline of the Bible” at

Ladd’s “Gospel of the Kingdom”.



ESCHATOLOGY has always been a fascinating subject. It appeals to both Christian and non-Christian alike. Everyone is curious about the future. That is why we have always had so many magicians and fortunetellers. Especially today do men long to know what lies ahead. However, apart from the Word of God we can only speculate. It alone discloses God’s purpose both for the present and the future.

I have read many books on prophecy. I am familiar with the various schools of thought and interpretation. Much has been written about the Kingdom of God. But of all the books I have read, I have never come across one that so clearly and so Scripturally deals with the Kingdom as does Dr. Ladd’s new volume, The Gospel of the Kingdom.

Dr. Ladd shows that the Kingdom of God belongs to the present as well as the future. He conceives of the Kingdom as the rule, the reign, the government of God in this age in the hearts and lives of those who yield themselves to Him, and in the next age over all the world. He sums it up in the second chapter in this way:

“The Kingdom of God is basically the rule of God. It is God’s reign, the divine sovereignty in action. God’s reign, however. is manifested in several realms, and the Gospels speak of entering into the Kingdom of God both today and tomorrow. God’s reign manifests itself both in the future and in the present and thereby creates both a future realm and a present realm in which man may experience the blessings of His reign.”

His interpretation of the parables is most illuminating. He does not believe that an interpretation has to be found for every detail. His understanding is that the Kingdom, though insignificant in appearance at present, is a reality and that it is destined to dominate the whole world. God will some day rule over all. This is a conception quite different from the usual interpretations given by the various schools of prophetic study. It  should encourage the discouraged and give hope to the hopeless.

Dr. Ladd’s interpretation of the Sermon on the Mount is the clearest I have ever read. No one can study it without being deeply convicted. It cuts squarely across the practices and teachings of our day. Divorce, lust, anger, oaths, etc., are dealt with in no uncertain way. The interpretation is evangelistic and Scriptural in every sense of the word. It will make the Bible a new book.

It seems to me that the author’s emphasis on the absolute necessity of a decision with all that it involves is of the utmost importance. Dr. Ladd does not minimize the cost. Discipleship always costs. There is a price to pay.  The rich young ruler had to give up all. God’s government demands complete submission. His subjects must put Him first. The Kingdom is entered only when a decision has been made and the price paid.

Then too, he makes it clear that the Church is to preach the Gospel of the Kingdom right up to the end of the age, and that only when the task has been completed ‘will the King return. It is my hope that this book will be studied by ministers, students, and Christian workers everywhere. I congratulate Dr. Ladd upon having written.  He has made a real contribution to the Church in our day.

OSWALD J. SMITH     Los Angeles    February, 1959

Part B:  Some Notes related to Ladd’s Gospel of the Kingdom primarily from Wikipedia.

Ladd was a notable, modern proponent of Historic Premillennialism, and often criticized dispensationalist views. This was notable during this period, as dispensationalism was by far the most widely held view among evangelicals during the mid-twentieth century. His writings regarding the Kingdom of God (especially his view of inaugurated eschatology) have become a cornerstone of Kingdom theology. His perspective is expressed in The Meaning of the Millennium: Four Views, R. G. Clouse, editor (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1977) and the shorter and more accessible The Gospel of the Kingdom (Paternoster, 1959).

Premillennialism is a view alternative to both postmillennialism, which teaches that the second coming of Jesus will occur after a thousand-year period of righteousness, and to amillennialism, which teaches that the thousand-year period is not meant to be taken literally but is the current church/messianic age. The two major species of premillennialism are historic and dispensational premillennialism, the latter of which is associated with pre-tribulational and mid-tribulational views. See the summary of Christian eschatological differences.

A major difference between historic and dispensational premillennialism is the view of the church in relation to Israel. Historics do not see so sharp a distinction between Israel and the church as the dispensationalists do, but instead view believers of all ages as part of one group, now revealed as the body of Christ. Thus, historic premillennialists see no issue with the church going through the Great Tribulation, and they do not need a separate pre-tribulational rapture of some believers as the dispensational system requires.

Proponents of historic premillennialism include Baptists John Gill,[1] Robert Shank, Charles Spurgeon,[1][2] Benjamin Wills Newton (a contemporary and fierce theological rival of the father of dispensationalism John Nelson Darby), George Eldon Ladd,[3] Albert Mohler,[4] and Clarence Bass and Presbyterians Francis Schaeffer and Gordon Clark,.

Part C:  Some References for Further Study.

Book of Revelation

Blomberg, Craig L. & Chung, Sung Wook,eds. A Case for Historic Premillennialism: An Alternative to “Left Behind” Eschatology. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2009.ISBN 978-0-801-03596-8

Mathewson, David & Chung, Sung Wook, Models of Premillennialism. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2018.

  1. Gary Crampton (February 1999). “Review of A New Systematic Theology of the Christian Faith by Robert L. Reymond”. The Trinity Review. The Trinity Foundation. Retrieved 2008-03-11.

Charles H. Spurgeon and Eschatology Archived 2007-08-05 at the Wayback Machine.

Direction: A Commentary on the Revelation of John

Al Mohler at Dauphin Way Baptist Church, March 29, 2009

International Conference on Historic Premillennialism at Denver Seminary, April 23-25, 2009

The Golden Nugget of the Kingdom of God

golden nugget
How much religious effort today is done in the name of Christ and the
church for personal gain, for personal profit, and for personal status.
Greed has hit the religious organizations in America like it has hit big
business and government.  Many man-made religious organizations
clamor for your recognition, support, and allegiance, but the good news is that you can join the kingdom of God quite independent of them.  In fact, that is the way it was originally set up by God through Christ.  The effort of this blog and series on the kingdom is dedicated to “the one” not in the fold of the kingdom of God.  (Matthew 18:10-14)  

You might call the existing kingdom of God on
earth an “underground” organism, not exactly an organization like so
many other organizations for which Americans have the knack.  Even as
during the time of the Prophet Elijah, unknown to Elijah and the official
religious organization of his day, and according to God Himself, He had
reserved 7,000 to Himself for His own kingdom of that time, “who had
not bowed down the knee to Baal” (I Kings 19:18). While local churches
and denominations struggle to be like the “general assembly {church} of
the firstborn who are registered in heaven” (Hebrews 12:23), it is this
underground kingdom of Christ that comes closer to being like the church
written in heaven.  Christ in His original teachings had far more to say
about the kingdom of God than of “church”, and there are many good
reasons for that.  Also there are many good reasons why today the
opposite is true:  you hear far more about church, churches, and
denominations than you do about the kingdom of God and of heaven.
Yet our goal is not to fight battles with those man-made churches and
denominations except to the extent that we must in order to win more
allegiance for the kingdom of Christ and God, in order to reach that one
of the seven thousand.

“If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray, does
he not leave the ninety-nine and to the mountains to seek the one
that is straying?”  (Matthew 18:12)

GIST:  To present for your consideration the Golden Nugget “of
things pertaining to the kingdom of God”. (Acts 1:3)

GOLDEN NUGGET is an upgrade to CUP OF WATER.  CUP had the
expressed goal to “extend the influence of Christ”, while the nugget goes
beyond Christ as the gate into the kingdom of God {and this is stated
respectfully with full awareness that “at the name of Christ every knee
should bow, and every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord to the glory of
God of the Father”}, getting beyond sentimental, soft, superficial, and
subverted Christologies {images of Christ rather than the real Christ as
the narrow gate to God the Father and the kingdom}, to that God and the
kingdom that He established.  In your reading of the Bible, did you miss
in Daniel 2:44 that “the God of heaven will set up a kingdom”?

“And in the days of these kings {kings of the Roman Empire} the
God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be
destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall
break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand
forever.”  (Daniel 2:44)

NUGGET” OF THE KINGDOM OF GOD, and that nugget is also a seed
of faith, like the mocking bird with 17 different songs, there are  many
possible seeds of faith.  We will in this study of the book of Mark try to
find your golden nugget, that single seed of faith that will get the hook of
God inside your soul to begin your own personal journey into the kingdom of God, a journey that can start today and which has the assurance to last for eternity; and the bonus, WITH GOD.  

Since it is God’s kingdom {and by the way not just any “God”, but the God of heaven}, as your golden nugget is attained you not only get God but also the kingdom of God.  In fact, from this study to come of the Gospel of Mark, you will find that God and the kingdom are inseparable.
Like the many songs of the mocking bird, and like the many seeds of faith
that can create in you kingdom citizenship, many approaches to faith in Christ as the gate to God and the kingdom, will be tried for compatibility with you, knowing that even as these approaches like Christianity itself have been tested and proven with time, you may find one that particularly suits your preference.  There is:  the Christian philosophy approach like from Elton Truebood; there is the Christian apologetic approach like from Bernard Ramm in THE CHRISTIAN VIEW OF SCIENCE AND RELIGION; there is the Christian evidences approach like from Simon Greenleaf, former dean of the Harvard Law School and noted authority on legal evidence {who stated that the testimony of the four evangelists–
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John–would stand up in any court of law}, and
Irwin Linton, and a host of others; there is the WHY IS CHRISTIANITY
TRUE approach of E. Y. Mullins; there is the EVOLUTION IN SCIENCE
AND RELIGION approach of R. A. Millikan, Noble prize winning physicist
for proving that there is a discrete particle called the electron; there is the
classical approach of Christian evidences which starts with proofs for the
Bible as the Word of God–divine in origin, absolute in authority, and
sufficient in message, like in McClendon Days THE WONDER OF THE
WORD, or proofs for God like from 40 believing scientists in EVIDENCE
OF GOD IN AN EXPANDING UNIVERSE, a further development of the
even more classical “all this minute design of the universe for the benefit
of man demand a Great Designer” {one of my favorites}, or thirdly in the
classical tenor of the evidences is the proofs that Jesus is the Christ, the
Son of God.

The Gospel writers started this last classical approach to prove to the
world that Jesus was, and is, the Promised Messiah of the Old
Testament, the Greek word for which is “Christ”; and that indeed this very
Jesus of Nazareth born in the first century and in the part of the Roman
Empire called Palestine, working His ministry and leaving many indelible
marks on history, is the very Son of God.  It was, according to the
Prophet Daniel, this very Lord Jesus Christ {later we will want to discuss
the meanings of each of these three names as Mark does in his Gospel,
and the other evangelists in their own concurring testimonies}, that God
used in the first century of the Roman Empire to from “heaven” to set up
His own kingdom that would start very small like a “gain of mustard seed”
then grow into a much larger and most importantly, an everlasting
Perhaps in your searches for just the right nugget of faith, you have
overlooked the fact that the Gospel writers started this classical approach
of evidence in order to engender faith in Jesus of Nazareth as the Christ,
the Messiah, and as the Lord of this kingdom of and from the God of
heaven; and even that these four Evangelists {actually six as we must
include the efforts by Paul and Peter as recorded in the Bible to engender faith that “faith is the substance of things hoped for and the evidence of things not seen” and “holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit”} learned like so many other things about the kingdom andGod from the Christ Jesus Himself.

1.  Christ while on earth and among men of Palestine and of
sophisticated religion sought nuggets of faith in Himself as the Son of
God via Evidences.  Jesus like is recorded in John 5:31-47 made the
classical evidential appeal to four witness:  that of John the Baptist (5:
33); the works, signs, and miracles that God the Father gave Jesus to do
and perform on this earth (5:36); God the Father Himself testified that
Jesus is His Son with the words of “This is My beloved Son, listen to
Him” {John 5:37 on the fourfold witness and Mark 1:11 at the baptism of
Jesus by John the Baptist and Mark 9:7 at the Mount of Transfiguration};
and the Old Testament Scriptures, that these same sophisticated
religious had in their possession and which was their basis for
expectations of “eternal life”, these same Scriptures often and in many
ways, generally and in great detail, testified or witnessed to Jesus as the
Christ, the Son of God (John 5:39).

“You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal
life; and these are they which testify of Me.”  (John 5:39)

NOTE:  do not let your search of Bible, Old and New Testament, lead
you into false expectation of eternal life apart from the Lord Jesus
Christ as the gate to God and the kingdom.  In short, there are a lot
of pearls or nuggets that glisten and glow, that historical like with the majority of these religious Jews, lead men down other broad paths that lead to destruction rather than through the narrow gate of Jesus into the kingdom and the eternal presence of God.  {In this study of Mark plus–you will find much more than Mark here, starting with much from Daniel and II Timothy–we must consider from Daniel and from other Old Testament Scriptures, the prediction that most of the Jews of Jesus’ day and the “day of desolation” of Daniel, called the very day of desolation because the majority of this nation of God’s people would not and could not believe in Christ as the means provided by God; and further from Mark how the majority never find the way to Christ, only a few go the narrow way that leads to life everlasting.}

2.  The Apostle John near the end of the first century and having in his
possession the testimony of the other evangelists, as well as all the other
22 books of the New Testament {John wrote the last five books of the 27
books of the New Testament}, carefully chose 7 miracles to make a very
evidential approach to prove that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; but
not for academic and theoretical reason in order to justify Christianity, but
rather in order that men might (1) believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God (John 20:31a); and (2) that “believing” with continuous faith might have everlasting life in His name (John 20:31b)   {Another step in a fuller definition of Jesus as the gate into the kingdom and into the presence of God the Father.}

3.  Dr. Luke makes evident in the two books he wrote {by the way also
based on manuscripts and influence left by the Apostle Paul as was also
the case of John Mark and the Gospel of Mark, in particular the many Old Testament quotes which we will look at in this condensed study of Mark}, Luke and Acts, that “witnesses”, evidence, and proofs were a stated goal of writing.
(1).  Introduction to the Gospel of Luke (Luke 1:1-4).
“Inasmuch as many have taken in hand to set in order a narrative of
those things which have been fulfilled among us, just as those who
from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word
delivered them to us, it seemed good to me also, having had perfect
understanding of all things from the very first, to write to you an
orderly account, most excellent Theophilus, that you may know the
certainty of those things in which you were instructed.”  (Luke 1:1-4)
(2).  Introduction to the book of Acts (Acts 1:1-3).
“The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began
both to do and teaching, until the day in which He was taken up,
after He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the
apostles whom He had chosen, to whom He also presented Himself
alive after His sufferings by many infallible proofs, being seen by
them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the
kingdom of God.”  (Acts 1:1-3)
NOTE:  Did you notice what Jesus spoke to His disciples about
during those last critical 40 days on earth?  “pertaining to the
kingdom of God”.

4.  Mark, well Mark the shortest and therefore the most terse and
condensed version of the Gospel, well Mark just told the story of Jesus;
and maybe you will like it best as we begin the search for you nugget of
faith.  However, although Mark as at the forefront in this Bible study,
behind Mark and referenced often is the rest of the 66 books of the Word
of God, the Bible. John Mark…you will enjoy his narrative, sort of like a layman like you and me.  A city boy from Jerusalem, but related to Simon Peter, and one who as a youth admired the fisherman and followed in his boats, “boat” found significantly in the Gospel of Mark and “Peter”, not an Apostle but a disciple of Jesus who both followed after Jesus even in the Garden where during the arrest of Jesus he fled naked, one influenced by Paul in an aborted missionary journey and yet who Paul found “profitable to me for the ministry”, leaving to John Mark several manuscripts for the writing of the Gospel of Mark, a list of Old Testament quotes and the testimony of Simon Peter to Christ.

                         Why not consider the Kingdom of God?
Church or classical Christianity does not interest you!  However you do
have some interest in God and the Bible, it is now presented for your
personal consideration THE KINGDOM OF GOD as originally set up by
Christ in the first century.  
{not to be confused with those pests that
come to your door periodically to discuss watchtower, Jehovah
without a Christ, and the kingdom hall, perhaps that is one reason
that modern preachers are so reluctant to talk about the kingdom.}
It was not so in the beginning of Christianity.  Granted according to some
of the first words of the first chapter of Mark, that historical point which
marks the beginning of Christ’s ministry in Galilee, Jesus came
“preaching the gospel” like most preachers preach today in one form or
another; but unlike today, Jesus started His ministry by “preaching the
gospel of the kingdom”. (Mark 1:14)  Of course preachers today could
not preach exactly the same message of the kingdom as Jesus did, “The
time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand” (Mark 1:15) because
that time of history, the first century, has been fulfilled for almost two
thousand years; and the kingdom of God about to be established on
earth during that thirtieth year of the life of Christ, and the first year of His
ministry, has been established on earth and in heaven for that same
almost two thousand years.

Have we lost our interest in the “kingdom of God” with Christ as the
gateway in favor of churches, denominations, and something very vague
called Christianity?  Certainly our pulpit messages no longer sound like
Jesus on the kingdom or the Apostles of Christ like Peter, James, and
John.  That very critical 40 days when Jesus had already completed His
mission of salvation for the world through the crucifixion and resurrection,
Dr. Luke in the introduction to the history in the book of Acts tells us that
the prime subject He spoke to the Apostles during that important and last
40 days was “of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God”  (Acts 1:3).
How about a revival with a new twist, one that is as old as the ministry of
Prayerfully in this introduction to the GOLDEN NUGGET, you have
generated some interest in these “things pertaining to the kingdom of
God”, what these THINGS are.  

Surely you realize that you haven’t heard them before; for there was no one there to present them to you like Jesus
and the Apostles did, and if you did not hear a comparable emphasis
from Christians and preachers on the kingdom, then certainly you did not
also hear about those THINGS that pertain to the kingdom of God and of
Christ.  Take 40 days to catch up on what Jesus taught the Apostles on
these THINGS pertaining to the kingdom of God, which you must do
naturally by looking into what these Apostles taught since Dr. Luke does
not literally record those specific things in Acts 1 about those 40 day
teachings of Jesus on the kingdom; and then take 9 months to let God
work the new birth in your life.  Please during that 40 days consider Mark
and this GOLDEN NUGGET book as a focus on “things pertaining to the
kingdom of God”.  (Acts 1:3)  
And during the process, we will explain to
you how Mark and Luke, not Apostles of Christ, fell under the guidance of
the Apostle Paul, chief editor of the New Testament, in the writing of 3 books of the New Testament.